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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Woodford in Caroline County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

War Comes to Fairfield

 
 
War Comes to Fairfield Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
1. War Comes to Fairfield Marker
Inscription.  War brought profound changes to the Chandler family, Fairfield, and the slaves who toiled on the plantation. Three of Thomas Chandler’s sons enlisted in the Confederate army. When the Union army occupied Fredericksburg in 1862 many of Chandler’s slaves seized freedom, leaving the family without its customary workforce.

In December 1862 the Confederates established a major supply depot at Guinea Station, just a few hundred yards from Fairfield’s back door. Camps sprawled across the plantation. Stonewall Jackson himself camped here for a week, declining the Chandler’s offer to stay in the house. Instead he pitched a tent nearby.

By 1863 Chandler had had enough: he sold Fairfield. But before the Chandlers could move away, Fairfield’s most famous visitor would return yet again – this time not to camp but to die. Jackson’s death here propelled the plantation to a fame it had never known.

(caption of picture): Jackson arrived at Fairfield for the last time on May 4, 1863. By then the plantation was a vast camp, crowded with thousands of Union prisoners and Confederate wounded.
 
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Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AgricultureWar, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1913.
 
Location. 38° 8.89′ N, 77° 26.419′ W. Marker is near Woodford, Virginia, in Caroline County. Marker can be reached from Stonewall Jackson Road (Virginia Route 606) near Guinea Station Road (Virginia Route 634). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 12019 Stonewall Jackson Road, Woodford VA 22580, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fairfield Plantation (here, next to this marker); A Staggering Blow (here, next to this marker); Stonewall Jackson Died (here, next to this marker); Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Guinea Station (within shouting distance of this marker); Plantations on Guinea Station Road (approx. 4.1 miles away); Stanard’s Mill (approx. 4½ miles away); Mud Tavern (approx. 4.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Woodford.
 
More about this marker. A recorded message about Jackson's last days at Fairfield is available immediately adjacent to this marker.
 
"War Comes to Fairfield" and two other Markers image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
2. "War Comes to Fairfield" and two other Markers
The farm office, the only surviving Civil War structure remaining on the plantation site, is in the background.
Stone Marker identifying the site of Stonewall Jackson's death image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
3. Stone Marker identifying the site of Stonewall Jackson's death
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 24, 2019. It was originally submitted on November 5, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,425 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 5, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.

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Feb. 23, 2024