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Alto in Cherokee County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Chief Bowles' Last Homesite

 
 
Chief Bowles' Last Homesite Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, February 19, 2011
1. Chief Bowles' Last Homesite Marker
Inscription.  In 1836, General Sam Houston negotiated a treaty with the Cherokees in Texas allowing possession of the lands they occupied in east Texas. The leading figure among the Cherokees at that time was Duwali (also known as Bowl, Chief Bowles and Bold Hunter). After the Texas Revolution, the Senate of the Republic of Texas declared the treaty invalid. Near this site in 1839, Chief Bowles learned of Texas President Mirabeau B. Lamar's orders to remove the Cherokee from Texas. Bowl mobilized his people to resist the expulsion, but they were defeated and the chief was killed at the Battle of the Neches on July 16, 1839, in what is now Van Zandt County.
 
Erected 2001 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 12568.)
 
Location. 31° 40.938′ N, 95° 5.386′ W. Marker is in Alto, Texas, in Cherokee County. Marker is at the intersection of U.S. 69 and County Road 2405, on the right when traveling south on U.S. 69. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Alto TX 75925, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Site of the Delaware Indian Village (approx.
Chief Bowles' Last Homesite Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, February 19, 2011
2. Chief Bowles' Last Homesite Marker
3.1 miles away); Site of Lacy's Fort (approx. 3.3 miles away); Site of Mission San Francisco de los Tejas (approx. 6.1 miles away); Zebulon Pike Campsite (approx. 6.8 miles away); Site of Tassie Belle and Star and Crescent Iron Ore Furnaces (approx. 6.8 miles away); Site of Neches Indian Village (was approx. 7.2 miles away but has been reported permanently removed. ); Mound Prairie (approx. 7.2 miles away); Rusk Footbridge (approx. 8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Alto.
 
Categories. Native AmericansWars, US Indian
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on January 30, 2019. This page originally submitted on March 4, 2011, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. This page has been viewed 945 times since then and 118 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 4, 2011, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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