Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
100 West Montgomery Avenue
— Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour —
Upton Beall, wealthy landowner and Clerk of Court, owned 25 slaves when he died in 1827. After Upton Beall died, his family did not purchase additional slaves, however, by 1860 the Beall family owned 52 slaves.
The Beall family did not sell the children of their slaves. The slaves worked in the house, on the farm, or at one of the other family properties. The Bealls did hire out slaves for service to families in Washington, D.C., and many of the slaves resided with these families.
In 1862, the Beall sisters freed 17 slaves who worked in D.C., receiving $9,400 for them under a federal compensation program. The remaining slaves were freed when emancipation was granted in Maryland in 1864. The Bealls sold their former slaves the land along Martin’s Lane and Middle Lane on which they lived. Those families had long made up a mixed free and enslaved African American community called “Haiti,” Rockville’s first African American neighborhood.
Erected by City of Rockville Historic District Commission, Dept. of Community Planning and Development Services. (Marker Number
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland, Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1827.
Location. 39° 5.095′ N, 77° 9.323′ W. Marker is in Rockville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is on West Middle Lane west of South Adams Street, on the left when traveling west. Marker is on the north side of the Beall-Dawson House property, off the Middle Lane sidewalk, at the northeast corner of the parking lot. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 100 West Montgomery Avenue, Rockville MD 20850, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Beall Dawson House (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Beall-Dawson House (a few steps from this marker); Stonestreet Medical Museum (a few steps from this marker); Beall-Dawson House and Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Rockville Residential Area (within shouting distance of this marker); Higgins House (within shouting distance of this marker); Lucy Simpson's Rockville Institute (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Bell Tower Building (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rockville.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on June 20, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 726 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 20, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.