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Pocomoke City in Worcester County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Maryland's Eastern Shore

Hundreds of Enslaved and Free Black Men Enlisted

 
 
Maryland's Eastern Shore Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, October 15, 2011
1. Maryland's Eastern Shore Marker
Inscription.  
Although isolated from Maryland's largest population centers, the Eastern Shore was important to the state's role in the Civil War and exemplified the citizens' divided loyalties.

In the years before the war, enslaved African-Americans here began escaping bondage via the Underground Railroad to the North and Canada, helped on their way by sympathetic blacks and whites and such courageous "conductors" as Harriet Tubman, an Eastern Shore native. During the war, hundreds of enslaved and free black men from the Eastern Shore enlisted in the United States Colored Troops, the black units authorized in January 1863 when President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Afterward, returning black veterans established towns and emancipation celebrations that still survive today.

Some of the Shore's white residents held fast to the Union, while others supported the Confederacy. Although combat bypassed this area, families here as elsewhere suffered the loss of their men as well as the hardships of war. Newspaper publishers suspected of disloyalty to the Union were arrested. Streams and towns on both sides of the
Company of the 4th USCT image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Maryland's Eastern Shore Marker, `
2. Company of the 4th USCT
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Chesapeake Bay became smugglers' havens as enterprising watermen ran the Federal blockade to supply Confederate forces. When the conflict ended, Eastern Shore residents returned to their fields and fishing vessels, and the passions of war subsided.

Please drive carefully as you visit Civil War Trails sites on Maryland's Eastern Shore.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansIndustry & CommerceWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Harriet Tubman, and the Maryland Civil War Trails series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1863.
 
Location. 38° 0.279′ N, 75° 32.606′ W. Marker is in Pocomoke City, Maryland, in Worcester County. Marker can be reached from Ocean Highway (U.S. 13) when traveling north. Located at the Travel Information Center North. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pocomoke City MD 21851, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wicomico Treasures (a few steps from this marker); Beach to Bay Indian Trail (a few steps from this marker); Cultural Treasures (a few steps from this marker); Boundary Line (a few steps from this marker); Mark O. Pilchard
Harriet Tubman - an Eastern Shore native - abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Maryland's Eastern Shore Marker, `
3. Harriet Tubman - an Eastern Shore native - abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy
(a few steps from this marker); Pocomoke City Historic Railroad Station (approx. 4.6 miles away); Costen House (approx. 5 miles away); Sturgis One Room School (approx. 5.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pocomoke City.
 
Maryland Map of the Eastern Shore Civil War sites and... Steamer Maryland image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Maryland's Eastern Shore Marker, `
4. Maryland Map of the Eastern Shore Civil War sites and... Steamer Maryland
Frederick Douglass - a leader of the abolitionist movement
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 22, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 30, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 846 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 31, 2011, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.

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Aug. 20, 2022