Near Potter in Atchison County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Historic Fort Leavenworth
Oldest Army Post in Continuous Existence West of the Missouri River
13 Miles South
Long before white men settled Kansas, traffic over the Santa Fe trail was so heavy that troops were detailed to protect it from the Indians. Fort Leavenworth, established in 1827 by Col. Henry Leavenworth, was for thirty years the chief base of operations on the Indian frontier. In 1839, Col. S.W. Kearny marched against the Cherokees with the largest U.S. mounted force yet assembled: ten companies of dragoons. In 1846, Col. A.W. Doniphan set out on his Mexican expedition; throughout the war with Mexico the Fort was the outfitting post for the Army of the West. During the 1850's, wagon teams hauled supplies over the Santa Fe, Oregon and other trails to all forts, posts and military camps of the West, some as far as the Pacific.
When Kansas territory was organized in 1854, Gov. Andrew Reeder set up executive offices at Fort Leavenworth. In 1881, Gen. William T. Sherman established the school which later became the Command and General Staff College, the highest tactical school in the Army educational system combining all arms and services. A 1926 graduate, with highest honors in his class, was Maj. Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and Castles • War, US Civil • Wars, US Indian. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #34 Dwight D. Eisenhower, and the Kansas Historical Society series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1827.
Location. 39° 25.939′ N, 95° 5.198′ W. Marker is near Potter, Kansas, in Atchison County. Marker is at the intersection of Amelia Earhart Road (U.S. 73) and Kansas Highway 74, on the left when traveling north on Amelia Earhart Road. Marker is at a paved turnout off Kansas Route 74. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Atchison KS 66002, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wetland Habitats of the Past (approx. 5.7 miles away in Missouri); Easton Methodist Church (approx. 6.3 miles away); The Lewis and Clark Expedition (approx. 6½ miles away in Missouri); Cow Island (approx. 6½ miles away in Missouri); The Lewis and Clark Expedition Across Missouri (approx. 7.2 miles away in Missouri); Lewis and Clark in Missouri (approx. 7.2 miles away in Missouri); a different marker also named The Lewis and Clark Expedition Across Missouri (approx. 7.2 miles away in Missouri); Astronauts of the Shuttle Columbia (approx. 7.7 miles away).
Also see . . . Fort Leavenworth. Visit Leavenworth Kansas website entry (Submitted on November 5, 2021, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 5, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 24, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 845 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on February 24, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.