“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Coinjock in Currituck County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal

Military Supply Route

Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, June 28, 2012
1. Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal CWT Marker
Inscription.  After the Battle of Elizabeth City and the destruction of the Confederate Mosquito Fleet in February 1862, the Confederates scuttled ships to block the North Carolina cut. The Federals had the same idea to stall Confederate traffic and sent five vessels to the North River “with prize schooners in tow to obstruct the Chesapeake and Albemarle Canal,” only to find that their adversaries had already begun the task. After the Union occupation of Norfolk, the removal of the obstructions became a Federal priority. With southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina largely in Federal hands, the canal reopened to patrol and supply duties until the end of the war.

The Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal opened in 1859, just before the Civil War began. It consisted of two “cuts” or locks: the first, in Virginia, linked the Elizabeth and North Landing Rivers south of Norfolk; the second, in North Carolina, joined Currituck Sound with the North River. Vessels could sail to and from Norfolk and Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds. Ships carried supplies via the canal to build Confederate Forts Hatteras and Clark on the Outer
Veterans Memorial Park image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, June 28, 2012
2. Veterans Memorial Park
Banks. Between August 1861 and January 1862 more than 200 military vessels passed through the canal. Commodore W.F. Lynch wrote to Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen R. Mallory, [W]ithout the use the canal, …supplies from, and imperatively requisite repairs at[,] Gosport navy-yard [Norfolk] could not have been received or effected.”

On May 16, 1863 thirty Confederate partisans from Pasquotank County jumped from the nearby Coinjock Bridge onto the side-wheel steamer Arrow and captured the crew then steered the vessel alongside the steamer Emily as if nothing had happened. The partisans took both ships, flying the Stars and Stripes up Albemarle Sound, Chowan River, and Blackwater River to Franklin, Va. En route, they picked up five African Americans who hailed them not knowing the crews were Confederates The exploit made headlines in the North Carolina newspapers.

U.S. Congressman George W. Julian of Indiana, a Republican member of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, took the mail boat Fawn to Roanoke Island to find out whether sutlers there were price-gouging the soldiers to whom they sold goods. On February 9,1864, on the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal, Confederates attacked the ship, killed or wounded 7 people, captured 29 passengers including Julian, and burned the Fawn.
Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal (Intracoastal Waterway) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, June 28, 2012
3. Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal (Intracoastal Waterway)
Julian was soon released at Elizabeth City and continued to Roanoke Island.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: War, US CivilWaterways & Vessels.
Location. 36° 20.834′ N, 75° 57.05′ W. Marker is in Coinjock, North Carolina, in Currituck County. Marker can be reached from Coinjock Canal Road 0.2 miles east of Worth Guard Road, on the right when traveling east. Located in Veterans Memorial Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Coinjock NC 27923, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal (approx. half a mile away); Maple Leaf (approx. 5.4 miles away); Ray T. Adam's Landing Strip (approx. 6.8 miles away); The Whalehead Club Restoration (approx. 6.8 miles away); Duck Blinds (approx. 6.8 miles away); Waterfowl Resting Area (approx. 6.8 miles away); Corolla Island Bridges (approx. 6.8 miles away); Indiantown (approx. 6.8 miles away).
More about this marker. In the center is a photo of "George W. Julian" Courtesy Library of Congress

On the right is a map of the "Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal, ca. 1858" Courtesy University of North Carolina Libraries
Julian, Rep. Hon. George Washington of Indiana image. Click for full size.
circa 1865
4. Julian, Rep. Hon. George Washington of Indiana
Library of Congress [LC-BH832- 1294]
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 1, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 657 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 1, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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Oct. 21, 2020