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Osceola in St. Clair County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Sacking of Osceola

 
 
Sacking of Osceola Memorial Dedication image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., January 1, 2012
1. Sacking of Osceola Memorial Dedication
Inscription.  

In memory of
Citizens of Osceola
murdered by Kansas
Jayhawkers
and the Union Army

Of the 12 men ordered to be
murdered by Gen. James H. Lane,
3 are known
Mr. Berry • Champion Guinn
Micajah Dark (13 yrs later)


In June 1861, President Abraham Lincoln issued an order making the U.S. Senator from Kansas, James H. Lane, a brigadier general.

In September 1861, Gen. Lane and his rabble army of Kansas Jayhawkers, under questionable authority of Mr. Lincoln, invaded Missouri. His objective was to pillage and destroy peaceable, prosperous Osceola.

On September 21 & 22, the Jayhawkers invaded, occupied, sacked, and torched Osceola. Twelve male citizens sought to protect one of the banks from being looted and ultimately burned. Gen. Lane arrested these citizens for "treason" and, by way of a "drumhead court-martial", appointed himself prosecutor and judge, condeming the twelve to death.

He mustered a makeshift firing squad, in which he himself took part, murdering all but three of the twelve men, thinking all were dead.

One of the few
Sacking of Osceola Memorial Roll image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., January 1, 2012
2. Sacking of Osceola Memorial Roll
Click or scan to see
this page online
who survived was Micajah Dark. Thirteen years later, Dark was hunted down by forces of Missouri's Reconstruction regime. Pursued to his home, he was kidnapped, brutally assaulted, murdered, and his body flung into the Osage river. Micajah Dark was 74 years old.

This monument is dedicated to the men and women, known and unknown, who were robbed, brutalized and murdered by Union Gen. James H. Lane through the events he set in motion.

May all who have suffered persecution from the course of action of Mr. Lincoln rest in peace with God.

"Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness sake; for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven."
Matthew 5:10

Dedicated 11 October 2008
 
Erected 2008 by St. Clair County Historical Society and the Col. John T. Coffee Camp 1934, Sons of Confederate Veterans.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial SitesDisastersSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #16 Abraham Lincoln, and the Sons of Confederate Veterans/United Confederate Veterans series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1861.
 
Location. 38° 2.343′ N, 93° 42.082′ W. Marker is in Osceola, Missouri, in
Sacking of Osceola Marker Text image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., January 1, 2012
3. Sacking of Osceola Marker Text
St. Clair County. Monument is in Osceola Cemetery, about 300 feet east of the the cemetery entrance at intersection of Missouri Highway WW and Durnell Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Osceola MO 64776, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Osceola (approx. 0.6 miles away); Saint Clair County Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); The Old Commercial Hotel (approx. 0.6 miles away); Weaubleau Christian Institute and College (approx. 13.4 miles away); John Whitaker (approx. 13.4 miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 13½ miles away).
 
Also see . . .
1. History of St. Clair County, Missouri. Community & Conflict website entry (Submitted on November 30, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.) 

2. James Henry Lane Papers. Community & Conflict website entry (Submitted on November 30, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.) 

3. Burning of Osceola – Newspaper Accounts. Legends of America website entry (Submitted on March 3, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.) 
 
Sacking of Osceola Marker Text image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., January 1, 2012
4. Sacking of Osceola Marker Text
Sacking of Osceola Sponsors image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., January 1, 2012
5. Sacking of Osceola Sponsors
Sacking of Osceola Memorial image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., January 1, 2012
6. Sacking of Osceola Memorial
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 4, 2022. It was originally submitted on November 30, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 963 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 30, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.

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Aug. 15, 2022