“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Court House Square

"Burning with Enthusiasm"


— Gettysburg Campaign —

Close Up View of Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
1. Close Up View of Marker
Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and an estimated 5,000 cavalrymen arrived in Rockville, the Montgomery County seat, on June 28, 1863, to a boisterous reception. One soldier described “a spectacle which was truly pleasing . . . It was Sunday, and the beautiful girls [from the Female Seminary] in their fresh gaily colored dresses, low necks, bare arms, and wildernesses of braids and curls, were . . . burning with enthusiasm to welcome the Southerner, waving handkerchiefs and soliciting uniform buttons as favors.” Pro-Southern citizens like George Peter called for fair treatment of townspeople arrested by Stuart. Union supporters likewise defended their “Seccesh” neighbors when periodically arrested by Federal forces. Although divided by political loyalties, Rockvillians were united by community.

Prisoners were interned at the courthouse throughout the day. When Stuart left that evening for Brookville via the Baltimore Road, he had an estimated 400 prisoners, including Rockville residents, 150 U.S. Colored Troops with their white officers from Edwards Ferry, and blacks from surrounding farms. (Stuart usually marched prisoners a sufficient
Several Markers Highlight The Court House Grounds image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
2. Several Markers Highlight The Court House Grounds
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distance to prevent them from providing intelligence to the Federals, then paroled them.) He also had $40,000 in soldiers’ wages liberated from the U.S. Quartermaster’s store, 900 mules, and 125 wagons full of supplies including oats for horses and whiskey for troopers. The seemingly good fortune of abundant captured supplies soon became an impediment as slowly marching prisoners and reticent Union teamsters slowed Stuart’s advance.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Notable BuildingsWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is June 28, 1863.
Location. 39° 5.03′ N, 77° 9.073′ W. Marker is in Rockville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Courthouse Square near Washington Street and West Montgomery Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 29 Courthouse Square, Rockville MD 20850, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gettysburg Campaign (here, next to this marker); 1891 Red Brick Courthouse (a few steps from this marker); Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men (a few steps from this marker); Rockville (a few steps from this marker);
The Confederate Monument image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, February 12, 2017
3. The Confederate Monument
The Monument is currently (March 2017) surrounded by a wooden box to protect it from vandals. The Confederate Soldier statue peeks out the top. It is destined to be moved to White's Ferry.
Bicentennial of Maryland's Ratification of the Constitution (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rockville.
More about this marker. One of the series of Maryland Civil War Trails markers. This one is on the Gettysburg Campaign.
Also see . . .  JEB Stuart At The Battle of Gettysburg. by H. B. Mclellan. Describes Stuart's march through Rockville. (Submitted on January 15, 2006.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 6, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 15, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,660 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 15, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on July 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on March 8, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.

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Sep. 27, 2021