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Near Farson in Sweetwater County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
 

Emigrant/Indian Relations

 
 
Emigrant/Indian Relations Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane Hall, May 28, 2013
1. Emigrant/Indian Relations Marker
Inscription.  Relations between emigrants using the trails and the Indians were inconsistent during the migration period. While hostile acts and violent confrontation did occur, they have been overemphasized in trail history. During the early migration period of the 1840s, there is documentation of the Indians helping emigrants with treacherous river crossings, giving directions, conducting peaceful trading, and providing food. It appeared that the native populations did not view the small numbers of emigrants as a threat, even though they were trespassing on tribal lands. Chief Washakie and his Shoshones were well-known for their kindness and (illegible).

The California Gold Rush period, with its large increase in emigrant numbers, seems to mark the beginning of ill feelings and openly hostile acts. The large emigrant numbers disturbed the game herds upon which the Indians heavily depended. The emigrants' cut all the available wood and their livestock overgrazed the trail corridor. Confrontations increased and the paying of a tribute to cross tribal lands became a common practice.

Indians suffered heavier losses than did the
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emigrants. In the 20-year period from 1840 to 1860, only 362 emigrants were killed by Indians. Large groups of emigrants were seldom attacked, and most deaths resulted when individuals were out hunting or exploring. An emigrant was much more likely to die from disease, be run over by a wagon, trampled in a stampede, accidentally shot, or drowned while crossing a river.
 
Erected by Bureau of Land Management.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the California Trail, the Mormon Pioneer Trail, and the Oregon Trail series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1840.
 
Location. 41° 59.91′ N, 109° 37.354′ W. Marker is near Farson, Wyoming, in Sweetwater County. Marker can be reached from State Highway 28, 11˝ miles west of U.S. 191, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Farson WY 82932, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Pilot Butte & "Graves" of the Unknown Emigrants (a few steps from this marker); First Transcontinental Telegraph (a few steps from this marker); Continuing the Journey West (within shouting distance of this marker); Pilot Butte
Emigrant/Indian Relations Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane Hall, May 28, 2013
2. Emigrant/Indian Relations Marker
Marker is the far left marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Burial on the Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); "Graves" of the Unknown Emigrants (within shouting distance of this marker); Death on the Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Simpson's Hollow (approx. 2.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Farson.
 
More about this marker. Marker is one of eight interpretive signs at the Pilot Butte Emigrant Trails Interpretive Site. Sign donated by the Wyoming Centennial Commission.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 26, 2013, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 572 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 26, 2013, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.

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Feb. 23, 2024