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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder

Civil Rights Pioneer

 
 
Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, January 19, 2014
1. Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder Marker
Inscription.  Side 1
Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder was born January 29, 1919, in Montgomery, Alabama. She graduated with honors in 1956 from Alabama State Teachers College (now Alabama State University).

In April 1955, Browder's refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white passenger led to her arrest. During the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which began in December 1955, she was a volunteer driver for those who declined to ride the buses. On February 1, 1956, serving as lead plaintiff, Browder in conjunction with Claudette Colvin, Mary Louise Smith, and Susie McDonald, also arrested for the same offense, filed suit in U. S. Federal District Court challenging the constitutionality of Montgomery's bus segregation statutes.

A three-judge panel ruled in a 2-1 decision on June 5, 1956, that the bus segregation statues were unconstitutional and in violation of the 14th Amendment's equal protection clause. In an appeal on November 13, 1956, the U. S. Supreme Court unanimously affirmed
(Continued on other side)
Side 2
(Continued from other side)
the
Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder Marker (reverse) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, January 19, 2014
2. Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder Marker (reverse)
Federal Court's ruling in the case of Browder vs. Gayle. As a direct result of the case, Montgomery city buses were desegregated on December 22, 1956.

Continuing her involvement in the Civil Rights Movement, Browder worked with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Locally she worked with the Women's Political Council, the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA), and tutored blacks for voter registration exams.

Browder's primary residence during the bus desegregation case and until her death in 1971 was this one-story brick house at 1012 Highland Avenue in Centennial Hill, once Montgomery's most prestigious black community. Portions of Centennial Hill are listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.
 
Erected by Alabama Historical Association.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil RightsWomen. In addition, it is included in the Historically Black Colleges and Universities series list.
 
Location. 32° 22.32′ N, 86° 17.664′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Highland Avenue
Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder Home image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, January 19, 2014
3. Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder Home
and Watts Street, on the right when traveling east on Highland Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Highland Avenue, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Harris House (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); South Jackson Street / Victor Hugo Tulane (about 600 feet away); Minister's Home / Dr. Martin Luther King (about 700 feet away); The Hon. Rufus A. Lewis (approx. 0.2 miles away); Georgia Gilmore (approx. 0.2 miles away); Johnnie R. and Arlam Carr, Sr. Home (approx. ¼ mile away); Centennial Hill (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Jackson-Community House/The Montgomery City Federation of Women’s Clubs (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
 
Regarding Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder. Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder's major contribution to the civil rights movement didn't keep her from segregation in death. Her marker at Lincoln Cemetery in Montgomery was found leaning against a tree, and no one even knows where she's buried.
 
Also see . . .  Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder Foundation. (Submitted on January 19, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 6, 2018. It was originally submitted on January 19, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 553 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 19, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Jul. 13, 2020