Roswell in Chaves County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
John Simpson Chisum
— "Cattle King of the Pecos" —
In the mid-1870s, Chisum was the largest cattle producer in the nation, with as many as 80,000 longhorn steers in his herd. Beginning as a youthful cattle owner in eastern Texas, he soon became recognized as a "cattle-baron" increasing his herd and influence as he moved west.
In 1867, he brought his first herd to New Mexico Territory on the Goodnight-Loving Trail, later partnering with Goodnight for several years. He established headquarters on the Pecos River at Bosque Grande between Fort Sumner and Roswell, claiming a range from Fort Sumner south 150 miles to Seven Rivers, near present day Carlsbad. In 1875, he moved his headquarters to South Springs at the southern edge of Roswell village.
In spite of Indian raids, rustling gangs, drought and occasional floods, Chisum's holdings prospered. It is said that during the 12 years of his greatest activity, he moved more than 300,000 beeves to markets north and east and to Indian reservations throughout the region.
He was a fringe participant in the Lincoln County
He first befriended Billy the Kid, then together with Roswell's J.C. Lea, selected Pat Garrett to rid the area of the Kid.
One of the West's consummate cattlemen, he helped develop both modern cattle breeds and the fledgling town of Roswell.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Agriculture • Animals • Settlements & Settlers • Wars, US Indian.
Location. 33° 23.82′ N, 104° 31.401′ W. Marker is in Roswell, New Mexico, in Chaves County. Marker is on North Main Street, on the right when traveling south. Marker is in city park between 4th and 5th Streets. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Roswell NM 88201, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Humble Beginnings (within shouting distance of this marker); Roswell Pioneer Plaza (within shouting distance of this marker); Roswell’s First General Store and Post Office (within shouting distance of this marker); Roswell's Military Institutes (within shouting distance of this marker); Continental Oil Company Station 1 (within shouting distance of this marker); New Mexico Navy Veterans Monument Chaves County Veterans War Memorial (about 300 feet away); Chaves County Veterans Memorial (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Roswell.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 25, 2019. It was originally submitted on May 5, 2014, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 714 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 5, 2014, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.