Huntsville in Madison County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
After the Civil War, the future of African-Americans in the United States Army was in doubt. In July 1866, Congress passed legislation establishing two cavalry and four infantry regiments to be made up of African-American soldiers. The mounted regiments (9th and 10th Cavalries) conducted campaigns against Native-American tribes on the Western Frontier, where they were nicknamed “Buffalo Soldiers” by Native-Americans. Their service also included subduing Mexican revolutionaries, outlaws, and rustlers, and building frontier outposts, roads and telegraph lines. In 1898, the Buffalo Soldiers were sent to Cuba to participate in the Spanish-American War. They fought alongside Teddy Roosevelt in the charge up San Juan Hill.
After the Buffalo Soldiers finished service in the Spanish-American War, one of the four regiments returned to the U.S., serving first in New York and then in Huntsville. They were sent to Huntsville's Monte Sano to escape the scourge of yellow fever and to recuperate from wounds and other diseases they brought back from the war. After an incident between black and white soldiers, African-American and
Erected 2014 by Alabama Historical Association.
Topics and series. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Native Americans • War, Spanish-American • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Buffalo Soldiers, and the Former U.S. Presidents: #26 Theodore Roosevelt series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1866.
Location. 34° 44.279′ N, 86° 36.648′ W. Marker is in Huntsville, Alabama, in Madison County. Memorial is at the intersection of Poplar Avenue NW and Yukon Street NW, on the right when traveling west on Poplar Avenue NW. Marker is located on the grounds of the Academy for Academics and Arts. A larger monument to the Buffalo Soldiers stands nearby. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2800 Poplar Avenue NW, Huntsville AL 35816, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. St. Joseph's Mission School (approx. 0.6 miles away); Glenwood Cemetery (approx. one mile away); Passenger Depot (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Chamber of Commerce Huntsville/Madison County (approx. 1.3 miles away); World War II - Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO)Korean War/1950-1953 (approx. 1.3 miles away); 1959-1975/Vietnam War/Vietnam War (approx. 1.3 miles away); Cold War-Global 1945-/ Cold War-Germany 1945-1990 (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Huntsville.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 1, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 5, 2014, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,144 times since then and 154 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 5, 2014, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.