Buchenwald Memorial in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany
The great son of the German people,
the leader the German working class
on 18th August 1944
at this point of fascism
dem grossen sohn des Deutschen volkes,
dem führer der Deutschen Arbeitklasse
der am 18. august 1944
an dieser stelle vom faschismus
This memorial plaque, put up by the government of the GDR in 1953, was the first to appear within the area of the inmates' camp.
The commemoration of the Buchenwald Concentration Camp, focusing primarily on Ernst Thälmann and the communist resistance, played a prominent role in how the GDR perceived itself.
In the night of August 17-18, 1944, Ernst Thälmann, a member of the Reichstag and the chairman of the German communist party, was transferred from Bautzen Prison to Buchenwald Concentration Camp and shot dead by the SS upon entering the crematorium.
Dem auf Ernst Thälmann und den kommunistischen Widerstand zentrierten Gedenken an das KZ Buchenwald kam für das Selbstverständnis der DDR herausragende Funktion zu.
Ernst Tällmann, Reichstagsabgeordneter und Vorsitzender der KPD, wurde in der Nacht vom 17./18. August vom Zuchthaus Bautzen in das KZ Buchenwald gebracht und von SS-Männern beim Betreten des Krematoriums erschossen.
[French and Russian text not transcribed]
Erected 1953 by German Democratic Republic.
Topics. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Labor Unions • Patriots & Patriotism • War, World II. A significant historical year for this entry is 1944.
Location. 51° 1.302′ N, 11° 15.075′ E. Marker is in Buchenwald Memorial, Thüringen (Thuringia), in Weimar. Follow the signs. Site is approximately 10 km NW of Weimar, off Blutstraße, west of Ettersburger Straße (L1054). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Buchenwald Memorial TH 99427, Germany. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Crematorium / Krematorium (within shouting distance of this marker); Stake and Cart / Pfahl und Karren (within shouting distance of this marker); Polish Patriots / Polischen PatriotenFemale Victims of Buchenwald (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Inmates’ living quarters / Häftlingsunterkünfte (about 120 meters away); British and Canadian Military Victims of Buchenwald (about 120 meters away); Barrack / Baracke (about 150 meters away); Storage Cellar / Vorratskeller (about 150 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buchenwald Memorial.
More about this marker. Marker is on the east wall of the crematorium.
Also see . . .
1. Ernst Thälmann Bio. (Submitted on August 25, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Buchenwald Memorial Official Site. (Submitted on August 25, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Buchenwald in USHMM Holocaust Encyclopedia. (Submitted on August 25, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Buchenwald: History & Overview. (Submitted on August 25, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
5. Buchenwald Concentration Camp. (Submitted on August 25, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 28, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 25, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 395 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 25, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.