“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

The Yorktown Windmill

The Yorktown Windmill Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Walt Akers, October 6, 2014
1. The Yorktown Windmill Marker
History of the Original Yorktown Windmill
Built in 1711 by William Buckner, the Yorktown Windmill was a guidepost on the York River for nearly two centuries. After retiring from his post as Surveyor General of Virginia, Buckner purchased the pointed bluff just above Yorktown from John Lewis of Gloucester for the express purpose of building a mill to grind corn. Although Buckner died only five years later, the mill continued to provide most of the flour for York County throughout the 18th and 19th Centuries.

Although the mill was never photographed, there are a number of paintings, engravings and sketches that show the windmill and its location through the years. The first of these is a painting entitled, “A View of the Town of York Virginia from the River” which was painted by Lt. Thomas Davies, an officer on the H.M.S. Success during its voyage to Nova Scotia and Virginia from 1754-1756.

Perhaps the best known depiction of the windmill is in the painting by James and Charles Peale entitled “Washington and his Generals at Yorktown”. Painted in 1784, the image is a depiction of the
The Yorktown Windmill Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, October 23, 2016
2. The Yorktown Windmill Marker
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Commanders following the siege of Yorktown. While the windmill is not the central focus of the painting, its inclusion here demonstrates that the mill survived in the original location from its construction in 1711 through the end of the American Revolution.

A depiction of the Yorktown Windmill in decline is portrayed in the image entitled, "View of Yorktown, from the Old Windmill, as You Approach from Williamsburg." A hand-colored wood engraving, this image was published in 1848 by Robert Sears as part of his collection, "A New and Popular Pictorial Description of the United States."

A Yorktown Landmark
During both the American Revolution and the American Civil War, Yorktown took the center stage of history during key campaigns. Military and logistical maps from both periods show the Yorktown Windmill as a landmark. Research conducted during the reconstruction of the Yorktown Windmill, suggests that it may have relocated across Windmill Creek in the early 1800s.

The Reconstructed Windmill
Plans to reconstruct the Yorktown Windmill began in 2008 during discussion between engineer Walt Akers and Superintendent Dan Smith of Colonial National Historical Park. The design seen here is derived from surviving paintings of the original mill, examination of research from the Historic American Building Survey and site visits to nearly
The Yorktown Windmill Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, October 23, 2016
3. The Yorktown Windmill Marker
a dozen surviving American windmills from the 18th and 19th centuries. The reconstructed windmill stands less than 100 yards from where the original windmill was built.

This fully functional replica was built in Seaford, Virginia by more than 100 volunteers over the course of three years. Each of their names is engraved on a commemorative stone plaque that is mounted inside the mill. In the fall of 2011, the windmill was disassembled and relocated to this site in time for the 300th anniversary of the construction of the original. The Yorktown Windmill, named “Miss Evelyn” for the designer’s wife, was dedicated on October 19th, 2011.

The Yorktown Windmill remains on permanent loan from the Akers’ Family to the Watermen’s Museum.
Erected 2014 by Twisted Oaks Foundation, National Park Service, Watermen's Museum.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraIndustry & Commerce. A significant historical month for this entry is October 1884.
Location. 37° 14.354′ N, 76° 30.67′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker is on Water Street (County Route 1020) 0.1 miles east of Mathews Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 301 Water Street, Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker
The Yorktown Windmill replica image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, October 23, 2016
4. The Yorktown Windmill replica
. Naval Weapons Station (within shouting distance of this marker); John Smith Explores the Chesapeake (within shouting distance of this marker); Join the Adventure (within shouting distance of this marker); The Watermen's Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Aviation Field Yorktown (within shouting distance of this marker); Yorktown's Windmill (within shouting distance of this marker); The Betsy (within shouting distance of this marker); Chesapeake Bay Watermen (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Yorktown.
Also see . . .
1. The Yorktown Windmill Project. (Submitted on October 8, 2014.)
2. The Watermen’s Museum. (Submitted on October 8, 2014.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 23, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 7, 2014, by Walt Akers of Yorktown, Virginia. This page has been viewed 622 times since then and 116 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on October 7, 2014, by Walt Akers of Yorktown, Virginia.   2, 3, 4. submitted on October 23, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 7, 2022