“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gilchrist in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Rollover Fish Pass

Rollover Fish Pass Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Richard Denney, October 31, 2014
1. Rollover Fish Pass Marker
Inscription.  A strait approximately 200 feet wide, 5 feet deep and more than 1,600 feet long across Bolivar Peninsula - was opened in 1955 by the Texas Game and Fish Commission as part of its continuing program to perpetuate and improve the state's fish and wildlife resources.

The commission's purposes in constructing this pass were to introduce into East Bay sufficient quantities of sea water to increase bay water salinity, and to provide additional opportunity for travel of marine fish to and from spawning and feeding areas in the bay.

Lower salinity in East Bay was caused by the discharge of several fresh water streams into the area on the mainland side of the peninsula. This excessive fresh water not only limited the existence of marine fish but also restricted the growth of submerged vegetation, which provides nursery areas and forms the basis of the food cycle for marine life.

Creation of Rollover Fish Pass has greatly improved salt water fishing conditions for the thousands of sportsmen who flock to East Bay throughout the year.

Known as Rollover long before the Texas Game and Fish Commission constructed
Rollover Fish Pass image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Richard Denney, October 31, 2014
2. Rollover Fish Pass
View of Rollover Fish Pass, looking south with TX SH 87 crossing in distance and Gulf of Mexico beyond.
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the fish pass, this site has a history steeped in legend dating back to the days of the Spaniards and continuing through the American prohibition period.

According to legend, it was first called Rollover because certain early ship captains preferring to avoid contact with the customs station at Galveston would roll barrels of imported merchandise from the Gulf side of Bolivar Peninsula over to East Bay. From there the barrels were transferred to the mainland without further formality.

The same rolling procedure - in reverse - also is said to have been used for selected items of export.
Erected 1963 by Texas Game and Fish Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Hispanic AmericansMan-Made FeaturesWaterways & Vessels. A significant historical year for this entry is 1955.
Location. Marker has been reported missing. It was located near 29° 30.498′ N, 94° 30.051′ W. Marker was in Gilchrist, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker could be reached from State Highway 87 north of North Bauer Lane, on the left when traveling north. Marker is located on the northwest side of Rollover Pass. Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: Gilchrist TX 77617, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 18 miles of this location, measured as the
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crow flies. Charles Cronea (approx. 7.2 miles away); High Island (approx. 7.4 miles away); Crenshaw Family Cemetery (approx. 12.7 miles away); Graydon (approx. 16.4 miles away); Birthplace of Governor Ross Shaw Sterling (1875-1949) (approx. 17½ miles away).
More about this marker. Marker was most likely destroyed in hurricane Ike in 2008. A bottom part of marker inscription is still extant. The Texas Historical Commission records a marker by the same title, and is noted as having been reported missing, but the text as recorded by THC does not match the remaining text on this marker. Photos of this marker before being destroyed are available on the internet.
Also see . . .  Photo of marker before having been destroyed. (Submitted on November 3, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 3, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 520 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 3, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 8, 2022