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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

L'Hermitage

 
 
L'Hermitage Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shawn Oliver, April 2, 2015
1. L'Hermitage Marker
Inscription.  In the late 1700s, a large slave village was constructed just beyond the building in front of you. By 1800, as many as 90 enslaved laborers were housed there, an unusually large number of slaves for this area. The enslaved people were the property of the Vincendière family, French planters who fled a slave revolt in Saint-Domingue (now Haiti) in 1793. They acquired land and enslaved laborers to establish L'Hermitage plantation, seemingly intent on recreating the Caribbean slave system here in Frederick County. Local authorities, however, did not favor their approach; court records indicate that members of the household were accused of mistreating their slaves and withholding food and clothing. L'Hermitage was sold in 1827, and there was never again a sizable slave population at the farm.

One can see a row of wooden houses and one stone house...[and] instruments of torture, stocks, wooden horses, whips, etc....They foam with rage, beat the negroes, complain and fight with each other.
Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz's 1798 eye-witness accounts of L'Hermitage

(b>(caption)
(lower left) In 2003, archeologists confirmed
Confederate artillery near the main house on the Best Farm image. Click for full size.
By Shawn Oliver, April 2, 2015
2. Confederate artillery near the main house on the Best Farm
Click or scan to see
this page online
the location of the L'Hermitage slave village. Building foundations and artifacts unearthed at the site shed light on a dark past and help tell the stories of the people who toiled here.
 
Erected by Monocacy National Battlefield—National Park Service—U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansMilitaryWar, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1800.
 
Location. 39° 22.232′ N, 77° 23.913′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Urbana Pike (Maryland Route 355) 0.4 miles south of New Technology Way, on the right when traveling south. This marker is located near the parking lot on the Best Farm, stop 1 on the Auto-Tour route. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5201 Urbana Pike, Frederick MD 21703, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Caught in the Crossfire (here, next to this marker); Best Family Farm (here, next to this marker); Confederates Invade Maryland (a few steps from this marker); 14th New Jersey Infantry Regiment (approx. 0.3 miles away); Commemoration (approx. 0.3 miles away); Federals Take a Stand (approx. 0.3 miles away); Nick of Time
Nearby marker and map of the Best Farm image. Click for full size.
By Shawn Oliver, April 2, 2015
3. Nearby marker and map of the Best Farm
(approx. 0.4 miles away); Slave to Soldier (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
 
Also see . . .
1. Monocacy National Battlefield. National Park Service (Submitted on April 13, 2015.) 

2. Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location titled “Confederates Invade Maryland” (Submitted on April 13, 2015.) 
 
Secondary Dwelling on the Best Farm image. Click for full size.
By Shawn Oliver, April 2, 2015
4. Secondary Dwelling on the Best Farm
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 27, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 10, 2015, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 512 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on April 10, 2015, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 10, 2021