Fairfax Station in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
“The angel of the battlefield.”
In Sept. 1862, wounded Union soldiers were transported here after the Second Battle of Manassas for evacuation to Alexandria and Washington, D.C., hospitals. Clara Barton, whom an army surgeon called “the true heroine of the age, the angel of the battlefield,” and who founded the American Red Cross in 1881, nursed the soldiers here. She later wrote, “We were a little band of almost empty-handed workers, literally by ourselves, in the wild woods of Virginia, with 3000 suffering dying men crowded upon the few acres within our reach.”
Col. Herman Haupt, Chief of Construction and Transportation, ordered the depot burned after Barton and the last wounded soldiers were evacuated to Washington on Sept. 2, 1862. “Have fired it. Goodbye,”
New buildings completed in 1873, 1891, and 1903 served a growing Fairfax Station community. In the 1980s, the 1903 station was moved to this site. It houses the Fairfax Station Railroad Museum, opened in 1988 to educate visitors about railroading, Civil War, and local history.
Erected 2003 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, and the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 48.027′ N, 77° 19.888′ W. Marker is in Fairfax Station, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on Fairfax Station Road 0.4 miles west of Ox Road (Virginia Route 123), on the right when traveling west. It is at the Fairfax Station Railroad Museum. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fairfax Station VA 22039, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Fairfax Station (here, next to this marker); Type C31 (Cupola) Caboose (within shouting distance of this marker); Skirmish at St. Mary’s St. Mary’s Catholic Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); In this Church of St. Mary’s (approx. 0.3 miles away); Clara H. Barton (approx. 0.4 miles away); Payne’s Church (approx. 0.7 miles away); Fairfax Nike Missile Site (approx. 1.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fairfax Station.
Topics. This marker is included in these topic lists: Railroads & Streetcars • Science & Medicine • War, US Civil • Women
Credits. This page was last revised on December 25, 2019. This page originally submitted on March 10, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 2,900 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 10, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 5, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.