Fairfax Station in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
“The angel of the battlefield.”
In Sept. 1862, wounded Union soldiers were transported here after the Second Battle of Manassas for evacuation to Alexandria and Washington, D.C., hospitals. Clara Barton, whom an army surgeon called “the true heroine of the age, the angel of the battlefield,” and who founded the American Red Cross in 1881, nursed the soldiers here. She later wrote, “We were a little band of almost empty-handed workers, literally by ourselves, in the wild woods of Virginia, with 3000 suffering dying men crowded upon the few acres within our reach.”
Col. Herman Haupt, Chief of Construction and Transportation, ordered the depot burned after Barton and the last wounded soldiers were evacuated to Washington on Sept. 2, 1862. “Have fired it. Goodbye,” Mr. McCrickett, a railroad employee,
New buildings completed in 1873, 1891, and 1903 served a growing Fairfax Station community. In the 1980s, the 1903 station was moved to this site. It houses the Fairfax Station Railroad Museum, opened in 1988 to educate visitors about railroading, Civil War, and local history.
Erected 2003 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Railroads & Streetcars • Science & Medicine • War, US Civil • Women. In addition, it is included in the Clara Barton, the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, and the Virginia Civil War Trails series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is September 1862.
Location. 38° 48.027′ N, 77° 19.888′ W. Marker is in Fairfax Station, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on Fairfax Station Road, 0.4 miles west of Ox Road (Virginia Route 123), on the right when traveling west. It is at the Fairfax Station Railroad Museum. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 11200 Fairfax Station Rd, Fairfax Station VA 22039, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other Fairfax Station (here, next to this marker); Hogshead (within shouting distance of this marker); Type C31 (Cupola) Caboose (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Fairfax Station (within shouting distance of this marker); Railroad Motorcar (within shouting distance of this marker); Skirmish at St. Mary’s (approx. ¼ mile away); St. Mary’s Catholic Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); In this Church of St. Mary’s (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fairfax Station.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 17, 2022. It was originally submitted on March 10, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 3,437 times since then and 207 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 10, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 5, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.