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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

San Antonio in Bexar County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Founding of the Mission and Origin of Name

 
 
Founding of the Mission and the Origin of Name Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kathy Walker, July 14, 2007
1. Founding of the Mission and the Origin of Name Marker
Inscription.  The San Antonio de Padua Mission was founded in San Antonio in 1716 by the Franciscan Father, Antonio Olivares, and after merging with the San Francisco Solano Mission in 1718, it was officially founded as the San Antonio de Valero Mission. The present site was selected in 1724. It was named in honor of Saint Anthony de Padua and the Duke of Valero, a Spanish Viceroy. The cornerstone of this chapel was laid May 8, 1744. Founded for the purpose of Christianizing and educating the Indians, it later became a fortress and was the scene of many conflicts prior to the immortal siege of 1836. Its activity as a mission began to wane after 1765 and it was abandoned in 1793 and the Mission archives were removed to San Fernando, the parish church.

During Mexico’s war for independence from Spain, a company of Spanish soldiers from Alamo del Parras, Coahuila, Mexico, occupied the abandoned mission, using its buildings as barracks for a number of years. From this association probably originated the name, “Alamo.”

According to some historians, the name “Alamo” was derived from a grove of cottonwood trees growing
Founding of the Mission and the Origin of Name Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kathy Walker, July 14, 2007
2. Founding of the Mission and the Origin of Name Marker
The Alamo.
on the banks of the Acequia, “Alamo” being the Spanish word for cottonwood.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Churches & ReligionNative AmericansWar, Texas IndependenceWars, Non-US. In addition, it is included in the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail series list.
 
Location. 29° 25.545′ N, 98° 29.191′ W. Marker is in San Antonio, Texas, in Bexar County. Marker can be reached from Alamo Plaza. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 300 Alamo Plaza, San Antonio TX 78205, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Letter From The Alamo (here, next to this marker); The Birthplace of Freemasonry in West Texas (a few steps from this marker); Masonic Heroes of the Alamo (a few steps from this marker); The Alamo in 1836 (a few steps from this marker); Lt. Col. William Barret Travis (a few steps from this marker); Ruins of the Habitations of the Friars and Indians (a few steps from this marker); Adina de Zavala (within shouting distance of this marker); Clara Driscoll (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Antonio.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 16, 2008, by Kathy Walker of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 3,170 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 16, 2008, by Kathy Walker of Stafford, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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Sep. 21, 2020