“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Newcastle in Young County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Joseph Alfred Woolfolk

Joseph Alfred Woolfolk Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, March 23, 2016
1. Joseph Alfred Woolfolk Marker
Inscription.  A native of Kentucky, Joseph Alfred Woolfolk (1836-1918) earned a law degree from the University of Louisville in 1856. He moved to Belknap, Texas, in 1858, and was hired by the Texas Emigration and Land Company to survey land grants in the Peters Colony. Licensed to practice law by the First District Court in Young County, he served as county attorney and county clerk.
     At the outbreak of the Civil War, Woolfolk joined a home guard Texas Rangers unit, and in late 1862 transferred into the regular Confederate Army. Captured by Union troops in West Virginia in July 1863, he spent the remainder of the war in a prison camp in Ohio. Upon his release in 1865 he returned to his native Kentucky where he married Elizabeth J. Lewis (1846-1922). They became the parents of nine children.
     The Woolfolks returned to Texas in 1867 and settled in Weatherford. In 1871 Woolfolk gained notoriety when he was appointed by the court to defend Satanta and Big Tree, Kiowa Indians on trial for murder in the infamous Salt Creek Massacre near Jacksboro.
     Woolfolk moved his family to a ranch in Young County in the late 1870s. He again served
Joseph Alfred Woolfolk Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, March 23, 2016
2. Joseph Alfred Woolfolk Marker
View to south from US 380
Click or scan to see
this page online
as county attorney in 1881. He and Elizabeth are buried in a private family cemetery near this site.
Erected 1994 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 12698.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, US CivilWars, US Indian. A significant historical year for this entry is 1836.
Location. 33° 10.565′ N, 98° 46.084′ W. Marker is near Newcastle, Texas, in Young County. Marker is on U.S. 380 half a mile west of Miller Bend Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Newcastle TX 76372, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Belknap (approx. 1.6 miles away); Military Road (Fort Belknap - Fort Phantom Hill) (approx. 2.3 miles away); Tonkawa Scouts, C.S.A. (approx. 2.3 miles away); Old Fort Belknap Powder Magazine (approx. 2.3 miles away); Camp Belknap, C.S.A. (approx. 2.3 miles away); Major Robert S. Neighbors (approx. 2.3 miles away); a different marker also named Fort Belknap (approx. 2.4 miles away); Fort Belknap Memorial (approx. 2.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newcastle.
Also see . . .  Joseph Alfred Woolfolk. From the Texas State Historical Association’s “Handbook of Texas
View to East on US 380 image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, March 23, 2016
3. View to East on US 380
Marker is on right (south) side of highway
Online”. (Submitted on March 30, 2016.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on March 30, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 371 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 30, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.

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May. 14, 2021