Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Suchitoto, Cuscatlán, El Salvador — Central America (West Coast)
 

Ciudad Vieja Archaeological Site

Sitio Arqueológico Ciudad Vieja de El Salvador

 
 
Ciudad Vieja Archaeological Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 20, 2016
1. Ciudad Vieja Archaeological Site Marker
Inscription.  

El proceso de la conquista española de América generó diversos paisajes culturales en los cuales se plasmó la huella, tanto de los conquistadores como de los conquistados. La prístina Villa de San Salvador fue fundada en 1525 por orden de Pedro de Alvarado y abandonada en 1526 debido a una rebelión indígena. Posteriormente, el primero de abril de 1528 se funda la primera Villa permanente de San Salvador en el valle de La Bermuda por orden de Jorge de Alvarado.

El sitio arqueológico histórico de Ciudad Vieja constituye el primer asentamiento español permanente en El Salvador que permitió la creación de paisajes culturales durante el periodo de la Conquista a través de la interacción entre españoles, indígenas y africanos; generando arenas espaciales dentro de las cuales se establecieron diversas dinámicas de hibridez cultural tanto biológicas como sociales permitiendo construcciones identitarias diversas.

Estructura 4E1, el cabildo
”En la esquina noroeste de la Plaza Mayor, del sitio se encuentra una estructura rectangular alargada que hemos interpretado como la plataforma en donde estaba construida
Ciudad Vieja - The Town Council image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 20, 2016
2. Ciudad Vieja - The Town Council
Click or scan to see
this page online
la casa del cabildo de la Antigua villa de San Salvador…”
“Las seis gradas miden 3 a 6 metros de largo por 20 cm de ancho; dos de las gradas aún conservan rasgos del piso de baldosa” (William Fowler, 2011).

Estructura 1D1
“…Su ubicación más allá del lindero sur de la ciudad y su situación sobre una elevación natural sugieren una función especial. De este lugar se divisa bien todo el alrededor, desde el sur, con buena vista al oeste y al este…” (Conrad C. Hamilton)

Estructura de la Iglesia
Una iglesia como esta, fue construida en Ciudad Vieja… “Hay que recordar que los planos ideales para las ciudades hispanoamericanas de la conquista y la época colonial temprana siguen sus normas generales” (William Fowler)

Ciudad Vieja 1528
Leyenda del mapa
1. Garita Poniente
2. Cabildo
3. Plaza Mayor
4. Iglesia
5. Fuente
6. Garita Sur
7. Puesto Sur de vigilancia
8. Puesto norte de vigilancia
9. Garita Oriente
10. Rio El Molino y obraje de Añil
11. Cerro Tecomatepe
12. Cerro Guazapa
13. Estructura Gil
14. Solares
15. Casas Indígenas

Cortesía de: Secretaría de Cultura de la Presidencia
Dirección Nacional de Patrimonio
Ilustraciones interpretativas por:
Ana Claudia María Alfaro Moisa
Técnica de Dirección de Registro e Inventario
Ciudad Vieja - Southern surveillance post (1D1) image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 20, 2016
3. Ciudad Vieja - Southern surveillance post (1D1)
de Bienes Culturales

English translation:
The Spanish conquest of America generated diverse landscapes in which the culture of both the conquerors and the conquered was expressed. The Villa of San Salvador was founded in 1525 by order of Pedro de Alvarado and abandoned in 1526 because of an indigenous rebellion. Subsequently, on April 1, 1528 the first permanent Villa of San Salvador was founded here in the valley of La Bermuda by order of Jorge de Alvarado.

The historical archaeological site of Ciudad Vieja is the first permanent Spanish settlement in El Salvador that allowed the creation of cultural landscapes during the period of the Conquest through the interaction between the Spanish, the indigenous and African peoples; They generated spatial arenas within which various dynamics of cultural hybridity, both biological and social, were established allowing different constructions of identity.

Structure 4E1, The Town Council or Cabildo
"in the northwest corner of the Plaza Mayor, the site is a rectangular elongated structure which we interpreted as the platform where the Council House of the Old Town of San Salvador stands..."
"there are six steps measuring 3 to 6 meters long by 20 cm wide; two of the steps still retain features of floor tile" (William Fowler, 2011)

Structure 1D1
"... Its location beyond
Ciudad Vieja - The Church image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 20, 2016
4. Ciudad Vieja - The Church
the southern boundary of the city and its location on a natural elevation suggest a special function. This place has good views of the entire area from the south, with good views to the west and east ... " (Conrad C. Hamilton)

The Church Structure
A church like this was built in Ciudad Vieja ... "Remember that the ideal plans for Hispanic American cities during the Conquest and early colonial period follow general rules" (William Fowler)

Ciudad Vieja 1528
Map Legend
1. Western Gate
2. Town Council or Cabildo
3. Plaza Mayor
4. Church
5. Water source
6. Southern Gate
7. Surveillance Post South
8. Surveillance Post North
9. Eastern Gate
10. El Molino River and Indigo Factory
11. Tecomatepe Hill
12. Guazapa
13. The Gil House
14. Town lots
15. Indigenous houses

Courtesy: The Ministry of Culture of the Presidency
National Heritage Commission
Illustrations by: Ana Claudia Maria Alfaro Moisa
Technician of the Office of Management and Inventory of Cultural Property
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyColonial EraMan-Made Features. A significant historical date for this entry is April 1, 1528.
 
Location. 13° 51.568′ N, 89° 2.005′ W. Marker is in Suchitoto
Ciudad Vieja - Site Map image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 20, 2016
5. Ciudad Vieja - Site Map
, Cuscatlán. The marker is at the entrance to the Ciudad Vieja Archaeological Site near Suchitoto, El Salvador. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Suchitoto, Cuscatlán 01400, El Salvador. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Structure 4D1 (within shouting distance of this marker); Structure 3D2 (within shouting distance of this marker); Structure 4E1 or Cabildo (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Church Platform (about 120 meters away); Streets of Ciudad Vieja (about 120 meters away); Structure 1D1 or Southern Surveillance Point (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Church of Santa Lucía (approx. 8.6 kilometers away); Suchitoto (approx. 8.8 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Suchitoto.
 
Ciudad Vieja Archaeological Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 20, 2016
6. Ciudad Vieja Archaeological Site Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 28, 2019. It was originally submitted on April 17, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 271 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on April 17, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.

Share This Page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=93975

Paid Advertisement
Jun. 21, 2021