Ak'a Onikashin ga People of the Southwind
The Kanza Indians left their homelands east of the Mississippi River during the 1600s. They settled into what is today the northeast part of Kansas. Waterways provided sustenance for their people and were part of the tribe's culture. The success of western routes of travel, such as the Santa Fe Trail, and American demand for land in the West forced the Kanza to relocate several times.
By the 1720s, the Kaw people were labeled the Kanza by European Americans. The name Kanza or Kansas applied to the people, waterway, and later, the territory and state. In forced moves, more than 1,600 Kanza were relocated to areas near Council Grove, Kansas, by treaties that each reduced reservation size in 1825, 1846, and 1859. The final, forced move to Oklahoma occurred in 1872.
The Kaw Nation maintains its connection to the waterways with programs that work to protect natural resources. Its rich cultural heritage — past, present, and future — is preserved through education, showcasing tribal arts and artifacts, promoting cultural activities and workshops, and serving as a cultural
The Kaw Nation is headquartered in Kaw City, Oklahoma. The tribe has grown to over 3,000 people and provides its citizens with many social, cultural, and health care benefits under the governance of the Kaw executive and general councils.
Erected by the Kaw Nation and the National Park Service.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native Americans • Roads & Vehicles. In addition, it is included in the Santa Fe Trail series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1825.
Location. 38° 11.293′ N, 99° 8.481′ W. Marker is near Larned, Kansas, in Pawnee County. Marker is on State Highway 156, on the left when traveling west. Marker is on the grounds of the Santa Fe Trail Association. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1349 Kansas Highway 156, Larned KS 67550, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Mormon Battalion at Larned, Kansas (a few steps from this marker); Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); Pawnee County Area All Veterans Memorial (approx. 2 miles away); September 11, 2001 (approx. 2 miles away); Birthplace of Farm Credit (approx. 2.2 miles away); Site of Original Cash Store (approx. 2.4 miles away); Site of the Larned House
Also see . . .
1. The Kaw Nation. (Submitted on July 15, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Santa Fe National Historic Trail. (Submitted on July 15, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 15, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 15, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 202 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 15, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.