Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Chattanooga National Cemetery
Gen. George H. Thomas established a cemetery here on December 25, 1863, "to provide a proper resting place for the remains of the brave men who fell upon the fields" of Chattanooga.
The grounds, some 120 acres southwest of the city, were huge in comparison to other early military cemeteries. A stone wall enclosed 75 acres, where four miles of roadway meandered through eighteen picturesque burial sections. A central hill was reserved for the flagstaff and cannon monuments. The natural terrain influenced the landscape design, resulting in irregular-shaped sections that still define the cemetery.
In 1867, this was designated Chattanooga National Cemetery. The 1874 army inspection reported 12,928 interments here, 4,860 unknown.
There are two Civil War monuments. Members of the 4th Army Corps erected a granite obelisk (between sections C and F) in 1868 to honor fallen comrades.
In 1880, a 32-foot-tall Neoclassical archway was erected at the original cemetery entrance. It is one of five monumental arches the army built in southern national cemeteries.
(caption) Watercolor depiction of Section E, c 1870s. National Archives and Records Administration.
Civil War Chattanooga
Following a defeat at Chickamauga,
In a series of engagements that began November 23, 1863, Grant's troops were victorious. Two days later they attacked Missionary Ridge. The assault succeeded once Union troops were able to scale the ridge and pierce the Confederate line. The Confederates retreated down the east side of the ridge, ending the battle on November 25.
(caption) The Battle of Chattanooga, L. Prang & Co., 1880, Library of Congress.
On April 12, 1862, Kentucky civilian James J. Andrews led a daring raid. Andrews, another civilian, and twenty Union Soldiers from the 2nd, 21st, and 33rd Ohio infantries made their way to Big Shanty (Kennesaw), Georgia, and stole the locomotive General. As the raiders steamed north towards Chattanooga, they burned railroad bridges, cut telegraph lines, and tore up track.
Relentless pursuit, bad weather, and poor luck ended their mission. Confederate forces eventually captured all the men. After being tried, Andrews and seven others were hanged as spies. Some raiders escaped. Others were exchanged for Confederate prisoners.
(caption) Andrews and eight raiders are buried in Section H. In 1890, the State of Ohio erected a monument here that features a bronze replica of the General locomotive. This postcard shows surviving raiders at the monument in 1908. National Cemetery Administration.
Erected by U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.
Location. 35° 2.231′ N, 85° 17.194′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker can be reached from South Holtzclaw Avenue south of Bailey Avenue (Tennessee Route 2), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located on the north side of the cemetery loop across from the cemetery office. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1200 Bailey Ave, Chattanooga TN 37404, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Andrews Raiders (approx. 0.2 miles away); S.W. Angle of Fort Wood (approx. 0.7 miles away); Bessie Smith (approx. 0.7 miles away); 2nd & 33rd Massachusetts Infantry (approx. 0.7 miles away); 5th & 20th Connecticut Infantry Regiment Monument 1st Michigan Engineers (approx. 0.7 miles away); Battery E, Pennsylvania Artillery (approx. 0.7 miles away); 10th Michigan Infantry (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
Also see . . .
1. Chattanooga National Cemetery. (Submitted on May 9, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
2. Desmond Doss Biography. (Submitted on May 9, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on May 10, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 9, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. This page has been viewed 118 times since then. Photos: 1. submitted on May 9, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. 2. submitted on May 10, 2017. 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 9, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.