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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

The Hill of the Star

El Cerro de la Estrella

 
 
The Hill of the Star Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 25, 2017
1. The Hill of the Star Marker
The marker has been badly vandalized and weathered. See the additional photos for a view of how the marker appeared when it was newer.
Inscription.
Cerro de la Estrella
Nombre con el que se le conoce desde la Época Colonial por su cercanía con el Manantial de la Estrella. En la Época Prehispánica tuvo varias denominaciones: “hombre como ánima del cerro de los huizaches”, “entre huizaches" o "lugar de huizaches".

El cerro dividía el lago de Texcoco de los de Xochimilco y Chalco. A sus faldas se establecieron Culhuacán, considerada centro artístico y cultural de tradición tolteca, e Iztapalapa "río de las lajas de obsidiana", fundada "mitad en el agua y mitad en la tierra". En esta última se construyeron importantes obras de ingeniería hidráulica, calzadas y caminos, además de chinampas, uno de los sistemas agrícolas más productivos en Mesoamérica.

En 1938 fue declarado Parque Nacional, conserva importantes vestigios arqueológicos e históricos, entre ellos más de diez conjuntos de dibujos grabados en piedra y cuevas con evidencia de ocupación; asi como el Templo del Fuego Nuevo, ubicado en la cúspide del cerro, donde se realizaba la ceremonia del encendido cada 52 años; el Conjunto Villa Estrella, localizado en la ladera norte formado por vestigios habitacionales de la etapa Coyotlatelco, y El Santurario, de influencia teotihuacana, ubicado en laporte baja en la ladera norte.

English translation:
The
The Hill of the Star Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sergio Jiménez Figueroa, 2012
2. The Hill of the Star Marker
An earlier view of the marker.
Hill of the Star
This hill was known by this name since colonial times due to its proximity to a water source called the “Spring of the Star”. In the prehispanic era it had several names: "man-like spirit of the hill of the huizaches", "between the huizaches" or "place of the huizaches". The hill divided the lake of Texcoco from the lakes of Xochimilco and Chalco. Nearby was Culhuacán, considered to be an artistic and cultural center of the Toltecs, and Iztapalapa, or "river of obsidian", founded "half in the water and half on the earth". In the latter, important hydraulic engineering works were built, such as raised roadways and roads, as well as chinampas, one of the most productive agricultural methods known in Mesoamerica.

In 1938 the area was declared a National Park, as it includes important archaeological and historical remains, among them more than ten petroglyph carvings and also caves with evidence of human presence. The Temple of the New Fire is located at the top of the hill, where the Aztec fire ceremony was performed every 52 years. The Villa Estrella Complex is located on the northern slope of the hill and is formed of the remains of residences from the Coyotlatelco Era. The Sanctuary, which shows influence from Teotihuacán, is located on the lower northern slope of the hill.
 
Erected by
The Temple of the New Fire from the top of the Hill of the Star image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 25, 2017
3. The Temple of the New Fire from the top of the Hill of the Star
Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH.
 
Location. 19° 20.592′ N, 99° 5.398′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México. Marker can be reached from Camino Cerro de la Estrella. Touch for map. The marker is at the very top of the Cerro de la Estrella National Park, at the only pedestrian entrance to the Temple of the New Fire (Templo del Fuego Nuevo), on the left while walking up a series of steps to the temple area at the very top of the hill. The marker and area are only accessible to pedestrians as vehicle traffic is prohibited to the highest area of the hill. Marker is in this post office area: Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México 09865, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Diego Rivera Anahuacalli Museum (approx. 6.1 kilometers away); Saint Patrick Battalion Plaza (approx. 6.3 kilometers away); Convent of Our Lady of the Angels of Churubusco (approx. 6.3 kilometers away); Monument to the Mexican Fallen of 1847 (approx. 6.3 kilometers away); The Defense at the Battle of Churubusco (approx. 6.3 kilometers away); Leon Trotsky’s Funeral Column (approx. 7.5 kilometers
A view towards the east from The Hill of the Star image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 25, 2017
4. A view towards the east from The Hill of the Star
In this view from the top of the hill can be seen the volcanos Iztaccihuatl and Popocatepetl to the far right.
away); Octavio Nicolás Fernández Vilchis (approx. 7.5 kilometers away); House of Hernán Cortés (approx. 7.6 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ciudad de Mexico.
 
Also see . . .  The New Fire Ceremony. (Submitted on May 17, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.)
 
Categories. AnthropologyMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 17, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 17, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 73 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 17, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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