Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near San Miguel de Allende in Municipality of Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Complex D The House of the Wind

 
 
Complex D <i>The House of the Wind</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
1. Complex D The House of the Wind Marker
Inscription.
Complejo D La casa del viento
Es una estructura de planta circular de 22 metros de diámetro y 2.5 de altura, con evidencias de escalinatas por el lado este y noroeste. En su cúspide se exploró una estructura cuadrangular de piedra labrada, llamada adoratorio. Por su circularidad se le ha asociado como un edificio dedicado a la veneración del dios Ehecatl (Señor del viento).

Este edificio nos remite a una veneración ancestral y testimonio de ello fue el hallazgo del Entierro 14, que se asocia a la segunda etapa constructiva y donde al igual que los otros entierros registrados, la inhumación estuvo vinculada al sacrificio ritual concretado en la abundancia de cerámicas simbolicamente “matadas”. La etapa más antigua excavada nos mostró una estructura circular hueca que estuvo decorada con pintura roja.

Se trata de un individuo adulto joven de entre 20 y 25 años de edad, de sexo femenino. La causa de su muerte fue un ataque de animales carnívoros. No obstante, se encontraba en la etapa terminal de tuberculosis.

En el sector este se observa un mampuesto semicircular que probablemente se usó para actividades rituales como danzas y ceremonias.

English:
Complex D The house of the wind
Complex D is a 2.5 meter high circular structure with a diameter base
Complex D <i>The House of the Wind</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
2. Complex D The House of the Wind Marker
of 22 meters: there is evidence of stairways on the east and northeast sides. A quadrangular structure carved out or stone called the doratorio (“Place of Worship”), was explored in the apex. It is thought to be a room dedicated to the revering or the Ehecatl (“the Lord of the Wind”) due to is (sic, its) circular form.

This building is believed to have played a role in ancestor worship, a notion corroborated by the discovery or Burial 14; similar to other recorded tombs, this burial site was part of ritual sacrifice, as suggested by the abundance of symbolically “killed” ceramics. (“Killing” ceramics, for example. Implied purposefully shattering them as part of a ritual, and as a form of elimination or desanctification). The oldest excavated phase of Complex D consists of a hollow circular structure, painted red.

The subject was a young woman, between 20 and 25 years of age. Although experts did find evidence of late-stage tuberculosis, the individual died due to an to an attack by carnivorous animals.

Towards the east there is a plaza in the shape of a half moon which was probably used for ritual activities such as dances and ceremonies.
 
Erected by Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH.
 
Location.
A view towards the east of Complex D <i>The House of the Wind</i> from the marker. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
3. A view towards the east of Complex D The House of the Wind from the marker.
20° 51.54′ N, 100° 55.743′ W. Marker is near San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, in Municipality of Allende. Touch for map. The marker is to the right of Complex D at the archaeological site of Cañada de la Virgen. The Cañada de la Virgen is to the left when traveling north on State Road 67, some 30 km west of San Miguel de Allende. Marker is in this post office area: San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato 37701, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 19 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Layout and Architecture (within shouting distance of this marker); Burial 13 The hierarch and ancestral veneration (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Observing the Stars (about 120 meters away); Complex A The House of the Thirteen Heavens (about 120 meters away); Burial 18 The Decapitated Man (about 150 meters away); A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin (about 180 meters away); The Ceremonial Avenue (about 210 meters away); The Parish of Saint Anthony of Padua (approx. 19.4 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Miguel de Allende.
 
Categories. AnthropologyMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
A view towards the south of Complex D <i>The House of the Wind</i> from near the marker. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
4. A view towards the south of Complex D The House of the Wind from near the marker.
The site's pyramid can be seen in the distance.
A view towards the north of Complex D <i>The House of the Wind</i> from the site's main pyramid. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
5. A view towards the north of Complex D The House of the Wind from the site's main pyramid.
A nearby marker describing natural products from the area. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
6. A nearby marker describing natural products from the area.

Luna I Productos no maderables
Los informantes que aportaron sus conocimientos para la identificación y usos de las plantas son trabajadores de la zona arqueológica y habitantes de las comunidades vecinas. Entre ellos existe un rico acervo y manejo en el uso de las plantas de origen silvestre: medicinal, comestible, doméstico, combustible, constructivo, tóxico, forrajero, artesanal y ceremonial.

Cortezas son tintes y taninos empleados para teñir en la industria textil y curtiduría desde tiempos ancestrales.

Tallos: cauchos, látex o resinas que sirven para tratar la madera contra diversos insectos. Se utilizan también como pegamento y barniz, son aislantes e impermeabilizantes.

Madera: excelentes por ser maleables y duraderas, muy apreciadas por los artesanos.

Follajes: con ellos se hacen techos, cercas, sombreros, gabanes contra la lluvia, canastos y escobas.

Flores: sus frutos contienen aceites o taninos de valor industrial. Tanto el polen y nectar son muy apreciados por los apicultores.

Pie de dibujos:
Palo santo
Limoncillo
Vegetación nativa hogar de insectos benéficas como la Mosca tachinidae

English:
Moon I Products without timber
The informants who shared their knowledge identifying the plants and their uses are employees of the archaeological site and live in neighboring communities. They have shared part of a rich cultural tradition and a great amount of knowledge regarding these wild plants and their uses: medicinal, edible, domestic, as fuel, for construction, for their toxicity, as fodder, for crafts and ceremonial purposes.

Barks: dyes and tannins used in the textile and tanning industries since ancestral times.

Stems: rubbers, latex and resins used for treating wood against various insects. They are also used as glue and varnish and for insulating and waterproofing.

Foliage: used in roofing, fences, hats, raincoats, baskets and brooms.

Flowers: the fruits contain oils or tannins with industrial value. Both pollen and nectar are greatly appreciated by beekeepers.

Captions:
Corky Diphysa
Lemon grass
The native vegetation is home to beneficial insects such as the tachinidae
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 6, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 6, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 6, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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