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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
El Pueblito in Municipality of La Corregidora, Querétaro, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

The Plaza of the Dancers

 
 
The Plaza of the Dancers Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 23, 2017
1. The Plaza of the Dancers Marker
Inscription.
Plaza de la Danza
Esta plaza es la más grande del centro ceremonial, mide 70 metros en sentido oriente a poniente y 120 metros de longitud de sur a norte. Es nombrada de esta manera debido a que hace algunos años en este espacio se realizaba la escenificación de la Muerte del Soldado y la Batalla del Moro, una danza tradicional de las fiestas de El Pueblito. Para su construcción fue necesario nivelar el terreno por medio de muros formando grandes cajones de piedra laja, rellenados con tierra y piedra. El único acceso a la plaza es por una escalinata construida en el muro de contención oriente, misma que se alinea con la escalinata oriente de la Pirámide en dirección al cerro Gordo.

Actualmente su aspecto es el de una plaza limpia, sin embargo en la época prehispánica era delimitada al sur por una amplia sala con columnas y a lo largo de ella había numerosos altares.

Pie de dibujos:
Vista aérea de la Pirámide, Plaza de la Danza y de las Esculturas

Ubicación de la Plaza de la Danza

Puntas de proyectil y hachas encontradas como ofrendas en la plaza

Santuario del Pueblito y Pirámide. Ajofrin 1764

English translation:
The Plaza of the Dancers
This square is the largest of the ceremonial center. It measures 70 meters from east
An additional, nearby Plaza of the Sculptures Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 23, 2017
2. An additional, nearby Plaza of the Sculptures Marker
This additional marker is south of the Plaza of the Dancers and overlooks the Plaza of the Sculptures. See the additional comments for its text.
to west and 120 meters from south to north. Its name comes from the fact that this space has been used for many years to host the traditional dances of the “Death of the Soldier” and the “Battle of the Moor” that make up part of the annual festival of El Pueblito. For its construction it was necessary to level the ground by means of stone walls that formed large ‘boxes’ that were then filled with earth and stone. The only access to the square is a stairway built on the eastern containment wall, which is aligned with the eastern stairway of the Pyramid in the direction of the nearby Cerro Gordo (Fat or Large Hill).

Today, it looks like an unadorned plaza, however in the pre-Hispanic era it was delimited to the south by a wide series of rooms made out of columns. Along the series of rooms were numerous altars.

Captions:
An aerial view of the Pyramid, Plaza of the Dancers and of the Sculptures

Location of the Plaza of the Dancers

Projectile points and axes found as offerings in the plaza

The Sanctuary Church of El Pueblito and Pyramid. Ajofrin, 1764

Copyright 2017 HMdb.org, all rights reserved for the translation unless otherwise noted.
 
Location. 20° 33.078′ N, 100° 26.561′ W. Marker is in El Pueblito, Querétaro
The Plaza of the Dancers Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 23, 2017
3. The Plaza of the Dancers Marker
The pyramid of the El Cerrito site can be seen in the distance towards the west.
, in Municipality of La Corregidora. Marker can be reached from Calle Hidalgo just from Camino al Cerrito, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. The marker is directly east of the pyramid at El Cerrito Archaeological Site, near the steps that lead up to the Plaza of the Dancers. Marker is in this post office area: El Pueblito, Querétaro 76915, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. El Cerrito ("The Little Hill") (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Altar of the Skulls (about 150 meters away); Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (approx. one kilometer away); Cornelio Arellano Cárdenas (approx. 1.2 kilometers away); Father Joseph Kentenich (approx. 3.8 kilometers away); The Children Heroes of the Battle of Chapultepec (approx. 5.5 kilometers away); The Parish of Cristo Rey (approx. 5.5 kilometers away); Founding of the Autonomous University of Querétaro (approx. 5.6 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in El Pueblito.
 
Additional comments.
1. Text of additional marker, "Plaza of the Sculptures" (see photo #2)
Plaza de las Esculturas
El nombre de esta plaza proviene del hallazgo de
fragmentos de escultura en piedra procedentes de los derrumbes de las salas con columnas que le rodeeaban. Arquitectónicamente es
A wide view of the additional Plaza of the Sculptures Marker and the plaza to the west image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 23, 2017
4. A wide view of the additional Plaza of the Sculptures Marker and the plaza to the west
una plaza rectangular con dimensiones de 70 metros de largo por 60 metros de ancho. Está delimitada por tres plataformas en sus costados sur, oriente y norte, a las cuales se accede por igual número de escalinatas. La percepción visual de quien se encuentra al interior de la plaza es el de una plaza hundida. De esta manera se pierde de vista el horizonte, generando una sensación de privacidad.
Sobre las plataformas existieron largas salas con columnas de madera que sostenían una techumbre decorada con coronamientos del tipo dardo solar. La sala oriente contenía en su interior cuatro altares en tanto la sala norte muestra en su interior una larga banca que precedía a un cuarto cerrado con un altar. La plaza fue utilizada para ceremonias colectivas en las cuales se depositaban y quemaban ofrendas al interior de las salas.

Pie de dibujos:
Esquema de la Plaza de las Esculturas
Panorámica de la Plaza de las Esculturas
Cabeza de porta estandarte y Coronamiento de dardo solar

English translation:
The Plaza of the Sculptures
The name of this square comes from the discovery of fragments of stone sculpture from the collapsed rooms made from columns that surrounded the plaza. Architecturally it is a rectangular square with dimensions of 70 meters long by 60 meters wide. It is bordered by three platforms on its south, east
The Plaza of the Dancers Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 23, 2017
5. The Plaza of the Dancers Marker
The plaza is here to the right in this view, in front of the pyramid at El Cerrito Archaeological Site.
and north sides, to which it is accessed by an equal number of stairs. The visual perception of someone inside the square is that of being in a sunken plaza. In this way the horizon can’t be seen, creating a sense of privacy. On the platforms there were long rooms made of wooden columns that supported a roof decorated with dart-like crowns. The east room contained four altars inside, while the north room included a long bench that precedes an enclosed room which had an altar. The square was used for collective ceremonies in which offerings were burned and then deposited in the interior of the rooms.

Captions:
A recreated view of the Plaza of the Sculptures
An overview of the Plaza of the Sculptures
A head that was used to top a standard and a solar dart
    — Submitted July 25, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.

 
Categories. AnthropologyArchitectureMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 28, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 25, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 52 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 25, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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