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Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

The Tecpan throughout time

 
 
The Tecpan throughout time Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 7, 2017
1. The Tecpan throughout time Marker
Inscription.
El Tecpan a través del tiempo
Tras derrotar a los mexicas e inmediatamente después de la toma de Tlatelolco, Hernán Cortés ordenó construir el Tecpan para que fuera la sede del poder Judicial de la Capital de la República de Indios, mismo que estuvo bajo el mando de Cuauhtémoc. Se construyó a 200 metros al oriente del convento con la intención de dejar el área del tianguis de Tlatelolco, mismo que perduró hasta la segunda mitad del Siglo XVIII.

La parte alta de la arcada fue un agregado de la época porfiriana que recuperó el edificio para ser la Escuela de Huérfanos, la cual años antes había tenido la protección de Benito Juárez y Carlota entre otros benefactores. Años después la escuela fue trasladada a la Sección 2 de la unidad habitacional bajo el nombre de Secundaria No 16 Pedro Díaz.

En el Códice Tlatelolco de 1563 se puede ver el Tecpan y a un enviado del Virrey que está castigando a los jueces del tianguis que no cumplían honradamente sus funciones.

Pie de dibujo: Códice Tlatelolco

English:
The Tecpan throughout time
After defeating the Mexicas and immediately after taking over Tlatelolco, Hernán Cortés ordered the construction of Tecpan for it to be the host of Judicial Power of the Indian Republic Capital. This was the
An additional Tecpan marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 7, 2017
2. An additional Tecpan marker
This additional marker, with roughly the same information as the featured marker, is some meters to the south. It reads:

Tecpan
Este edificio fue construido al finalizar la conquista militar española sobre los mexicas como casa de gobierno, debido a que Cortés ordenó que ésta fuera la tierra de indígenas. En sus primeros años este señorío de indígenas fue gobernado por Cuauhtémoc. La arcada de siete vanos, situada en la planta baja, se representó en el Códice Tlatelolco en 1555 d. C. aproximadamente. Las columnas del nivel superior fueron adosadas y el edificio utilizado como colegio de "huérfanos" durante el Porfiriato.
La fachada principal, edificada en el Siglo XVIII, se orientó al poniente. Fue desmontada en 1962 y se reconstruyó en la parte posterior del Convento de Santiago Tlatelolco.

English:
This building was constructed as a governmental palace at the end of the Spanish military conquest over the Mexicas after Cortés designated the area as land for indigenous people. For the first few years Cuauhtémoc governed this autonomous indigenous territory. The arcade of seven bays located on the first floor was pictured in the Tlatelolco Codex around 1555 A.D. The columns on the second floor of the building were embedded. During the Porfirio Díaz regime the building was used as an orphanage.
The main facade, constructed in the seventeenth century, faces west. It was dismantled in 1962 and reconstructed at the rear of the Santiago Tlatelolco Convent.
same that was under the command of Cuauhtémoc. It was constructed 218 yards to the north of the convent with the intention of leaving the area of the tianguis (great market) of Tlatelolco, which lasted until the second half of XVIII Century.

The high part of the arch was an amendment from the Porfirian era, which recovered the building for it to be the Escuela de Huérfanos (orphan school), which years before had been under the protection of Benito Juárez and Carlota, among other benefactors. Years later the school was moved to Section 2 of the living unit under the name of Secundaria No 16 Pedro Díaz.

On the Tlatelolco Codex of 1563 the Tecpan can be seen along with a messenger from the Viceroy of the New Spain (México) that is punishing the judges of the tianguis that did not honorably fulfill their duties.

English translation of caption: Tlatelolco Codex
 
Erected by Conaculta - INAH.
 
Location. 19° 27.001′ N, 99° 8.052′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México. Marker can be reached from Paseo de la Reforma, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. The marker is to the east of the remains of the Tecpan, near the Paseo de la Reforma. Marker is in this post office area: Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México 06900, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers.
An additional Tecpan marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 7, 2017
3. An additional Tecpan marker
This additional marker, some few steps northwest of the featured marker is mounted to the tecpan. Its text is similar to the two other markers at the location. It reads:

El Tecpan
Este edificio fue construido inmediatamente después de que se consumo la conquista española, y su fin era controlar el comercio del gran tianguis de Tlatelolco. La arcada de siete vanos que aparece en su planta baja es del siglo XVI y aparece ilustrada en el Códice Tlatelolco de 1563. Las columnas del primer nivel corresponden a un agregado que se hizo en la época porfiriano cuando fué utilizado como colegio para huérfanos. La fachada principal, realizada en el siglo XVIll. Fue trasladada a la parte posterior del Colegio de la Santa Cruz en los años sesenta, durante la construcción de la unidad habitacional.
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Vicente Riva Palacio (within shouting distance of this marker); José Guadalupe Posada (within shouting distance of this marker); Samuel Hahnemann (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Cuitlahuac (about 210 meters away); Architectonic puzzle: The façade of Tecpan (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); The Small Area of Tlatelolco (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); Friar Bernardino Sahagún (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Church of Santiago (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ciudad de Mexico.
 
Categories. ArchitectureColonial EraIndustry & CommerceNative Americans
 
A nearby 1776 dedicatory marker indicating construction done at the Tecpan by the Viceroy image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 7, 2017
4. A nearby 1776 dedicatory marker indicating construction done at the Tecpan by the Viceroy
The Tecpan throughout time Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 7, 2017
5. The Tecpan throughout time Marker
The marker can be seen to the right in this view, with the original arched bays of the tecpan to the left.
A view of an additional marker and the 1776 stone in context, mounted to the Tecpan. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 7, 2017
6. A view of an additional marker and the 1776 stone in context, mounted to the Tecpan.
The Tecpan of Tlatelolco image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 7, 2017
7. The Tecpan of Tlatelolco
The marker reverse can be seen towards the right center in this view towards the west. The upright additional marker can be seen towards the left of center. Note the architectural features mentioned in the marker text, such as the arched bays and the additional second floor.
"Cuauhtémoc contra el mito", 1944 mural by David Alfaro Siqueiros at the Tecpan image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 7, 2017
8. "Cuauhtémoc contra el mito", 1944 mural by David Alfaro Siqueiros at the Tecpan
This famous mural of "Cuauhtémoc against the myth" is in an exhibition room of the northern portion of the Tecpan. It includes sculpture by Luis Arenal.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on August 13, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 46 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on August 13, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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