Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Virginia Union University 150th Anniversary Memorial
“Creating a Bridge to Intellectual Freedom Through Its Distinguished Alumni”
In Apri of 1865, the American Baptist Home Mission Society (ABHMS) sends teaches and missionaries to Richmond, VA to educate newly freed slaves and the work of Richmond Theological School for Freedmen begins.
Classes are held in several small locations throughout Richmond until the first organized school is created in Lumpkins Jail, a former slave jail and auction complex.
Also in 1865, ABHMS forms Wayland Seminary in Washington , D.C. Notable alumni include Dr. Adam Clayton Powell, Sr., and Booker T. Washington.
In 1870, Richmond Theological moves to United States Hotel, on the corner of 19th and Main streets in Richmond, where it stays for nearly 30 years.
In 1899, Richmond Theological and Wayland Seminary merge to form Virginia Union University and construction of Nine Noble buildings begins on Lombardy Street, then known as “Sheep Hill”. The “Nine Noble Buildings” include: Coburn Hall, Pickford Hall, Kingsley Hall, Martin E. Gray Hall, Baptist Memorial Building, Porter
Hartshorn Memorial College merges with Virginia Union in 1932, transforming the University into a significant co-ed institution. Hartshorn is the first black women’s college in the country to offer bachelor’s degrees and receives its charter in March of 1884. Located on the corner of Leigh and Lombardy Streets, it offers both college preparatory and collegiate courses. Tuition is $1.00 per month.
Following completion of the 1939 World’s Fair in New York, Virginia Union is awarded the Belgian Pavilion from that country’s exhibit. The building is taken apart and transported to Richmond where it is reassembled as the Belgian Friendship Building. Fundraising to finance these efforts is spearheaded by Dr. John Malcus Ellison, the first African American and VUU alumnus to become president of the University. In 1942, Dr. Ellison initiates the Graduate School of Religion.
On February 22, 1960, nearly 200 Virginia Union students march from campus to downtown Richmond to protest segregated lunch counters at
In 1964, Storer College, the first institution of higher education for African Americans in West Virginia, merges with Virginia Union. Storer awarded its first degrees in 1942, but closed in 1955 due to loss of funding after the Brown v. Board of Education decision ended legal segregation.
On February 13, 1997, the L. Douglas Wilder Library and Learning Resource Center is dedicated. The building honors Virginia Union alumnus L. Douglas Wilder, the country's first elected African American governor.
Virginia Union University “Creating a bridge to intellectual freedom through its distinguished alumni…” 22 college presidents • First African American admiral in the U.S. Navy • Teachers of the Year • First president of Nigeria • First female senator of the Bahamas • First
Location. 37° 33.709′ N, 77° 27.011′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of North Lombardy Street and Brook Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1500 N Lombardy St, Richmond VA 23220, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Coburn Hall (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Virginia Union University (about 500 feet away); Pickford Hall (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named Virginia Union University Maggie Lena Walker (approx. 0.3 miles away); Hartshorn Memorial College (approx. 0.4 miles away); Bacon’s Quarter (approx. 0.6 miles away); Site of Richmond College (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
More about this marker. The six panels have the following illustrations. Click on each photo to zoom in to examine them. Bas-reliefs of Lumpkin’s Jail, Wayland Seminary, the United States Hotel, Hartshorn College and a reproduction of a part of the friezes from the former Belgian Pavilion now on campus; and photographs of Coburn Hall, Pickford Hall, “the Arrest”, Storer College, and the Wilder Library.
Also see . . .
1. University History. “However, on May 13, 1867, Dr. Nathaniel Colver an elderly, hard-bitten (Submitted on October 15, 2017.)
2. God’s Half Acre. 2015 article by Harry Kollatz Jr. in Richmond Magazine. “‘Did Northern Baptists design to humiliate Southern Baptists, by using Lumpkin’s Slave Jail, at the opening of their Freedmen School-work in Richmond, Virginia? No, the farthest from it. I remember that it was so hinted, at the time. Some may still believe it. But I am glad to be able to show that the occupancy of those premises was wholly providential.’ —The Rev. James B. Simmons, in a letter published as part of an 1895 history of the school that became Virginia Union University.” (Submitted on October 15, 2017.)
3. Building Virginia Union (Submitted on October 15, 2017.)
Categories. • African Americans • Arts, Letters, Music • Churches & Religion • Civil Rights • Education • Notable Buildings • Politics • Women •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 15, 2017, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 108 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on October 15, 2017, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.