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Cohoes in Albany County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Native American & 17th-century History of Peebles Island

 
 
Native American & 17th-century History of Peebles Island Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., March 20, 2018
1. Native American & 17th-century History of Peebles Island Marker
Inscription.

There is abundant evidence of Indian occupation on Peebles and Van Schaick Islands. Hammerstones and projectile points have been discovered and suggest that early tribes lived in this area. Archeologists uncovered a number of early hearths here that may be evidence of drying fish for winter use.

The first Europeans known to have visited Peebles Island came by a small boat from Henry Hudson's ship Half Moon in 1609. Later in the 17th century, the Dutch planted crops along the island's northern floodplain and grazed their cattle in other areas. By the 1670s, the Dutch called Peebles Island Haver, or Oat, Island, a name retained until 1862.

[Image captions, from top to bottom and left to right, read]
Village Image

This 1630 map shows Peebles Island as the location of Menomine's Castle, a village named for an important Mohican leader.

These Indian flint arrow points were discovered on Peebles Island by archeologists.

On September 22, 1609, five of Henry Hudson's men left the Half Moon, which was anchored south of Albany, to explore farther up the Hudson River. They were probably the first Europeans to visit Peebles Island.

Hoppe Eyland (Hop Island), which appears on this 1656 map of New Netherland, may be an early Dutch name for Peebles Island,

Native American & 17th-century History and 18th-20th Centuries of Peebles Island Markers image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., March 20, 2018
2. Native American & 17th-century History and 18th-20th Centuries of Peebles Island Markers
shown near Kahoos (today Cohoes). Goosen Gerritsen van Schaick, who acquired the island in 1664, was a brewer and may have grown hops here as early as the 1650s.

This June 1677 deed between Annatje van Schaick and Jan Jacobson van Noorstandt, which conveys "two margens (4,232 acres) of arable land lying on Hoever Island," contains the first written appearance of the island's name.
 
Erected by New York State Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation.
 
Location. 42° 47.102′ N, 73° 40.819′ W. Marker is in Cohoes, New York, in Albany County. Marker is on Delaware Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker kiosk is in Peebles Island State Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10 Delaware Avenue, Cohoes NY 12047, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. An Urban Refuge (here, next to this marker); Peebles Island in the 18th-20th Centuries (here, next to this marker); Water Ford (within shouting distance of this marker); Breastworks (within shouting distance of this marker); Cluett, Peabody & Company (within shouting distance of this marker); View of Van Schaick Island

Native American & 17th-century History of Peebles Island Markers image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., March 20, 2018
3. Native American & 17th-century History of Peebles Island Markers
Looking SSW
(about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Waterford (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Waterways that Shaped a Nation (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cohoes.
 
Also see . . .
1. Peebles Island State Park. (Submitted on March 24, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. 12 Reasons Why Everyone In New York Should Visit This One Magical Island. (Submitted on March 24, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Friends of Peebles Island State Park on Facebook. (Submitted on March 24, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 24, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 24, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 113 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 24, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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