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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
La Mesilla in Municipality of Tecozautla, Hidalgo, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun

 
 
A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
1. A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun Marker
Inscription.
Un triángulo sagrado y el Templo del Sol
Los principales centros ceremoniales Xajay: Pahñu, Zethé, y Zidada, así como los templos principales del Pahñu muestran una distribución triangular: un templo al norte, uno al oriente y uno al poniente, de la misma forma que en la cosmovisión prehispánica se colocaban las tres piedras del fogón, donde la piedra colocada al oriente representaba al sol. El fuego del fogón, que estaba en el centro de las casas, tenía un ciclo mágico y religioso que se iniciaba con su encendido. Conforme pasaba el día, se hacía viejo y había que realizar un ritual para su renovación y reiniciar el ciclo: la ceremonia del Fuego Nuevo.

EI triángulo del fogón, como el formado por los sitios Pahñu, Zethé y Zidada y el de los edificios del Pahñu, representa el fuego central que se relaciona con Huehueteotl-Xiuhtecuhtli el dios del Fuego Viejo.

Este edificio, aún sin explorar, se encuentra colocado en el vértice oriente del triángulo, como el sitio arqueológico del Zethé, por lo que pueden estar asociados con el sol.

Pie de dibujos: Fogón

Mapa de la región

Plano de Pahñu

English:
A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun
The main Xajay ceremonial centers - Pahñu, Zethe and Zidada - as well as the main temples of Pahñu
A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
2. A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun Marker
This view of the marker is towards the west.
are laid out in a triangular pattern, with one temple in the north, one in the east and one in the west. Three stones for bonfires used to be placed in the same way in the pre-Hispanic world view, where the stone in the east represented the sun. The fire in the center of the houses had a magical and religious cycle that began when it was lit. As the day passed, it would get old and a ritual would have to be performed to renew it and restart the cycle: the ceremony of the New Fire.

The bonfire triangle - as well as that of the Pahñu, Zethé and Zidada sites and the Pahñu buildings – represented the central fire that was associated with Huehueteotl-Xiuhtecuhtli, the god of the Old Fire.

This building, not yet explored, is located on the vertex of the triangle, as is the Zethé archaeological site, and so they may be associated with the sun.

Captions: A hearth fire

Map of the region

Map of Pahñu
 
Erected by Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (CONACULTA) y el Instituto Nacional de Anthropología e Historia (INAH).
 
Location. 20° 30.295′ N, 99° 41.079′ W. Marker is in La Mesilla, Hidalgo, in Municipality of Tecozautla. Marker can be reached from Entrada del Sitio Arqueológico de Pahñu, on the left when
A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
3. A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun Marker
traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: La Mesilla, Hidalgo 42460, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Message in the Soil: Geoglyph (a few steps from this marker); Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) (within shouting distance of this marker); The Calendar on the Landscape (within shouting distance of this marker); The Plaza and the Xiuhtecuhtli Temple (within shouting distance of this marker); Messages in the Rocks: Petroglyphs (within shouting distance of this marker); Tecpan: “The Government House” (within shouting distance of this marker); Tecpan: The Place of Duality (within shouting distance of this marker); The Path of the Sun (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in La Mesilla.
 
Categories. AnthropologyMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 23, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 23, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 57 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 23, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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