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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
La Mesilla in Municipality of Tecozautla, Hidalgo, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Pyramid on Pyramid: the South Steps

 
 
Pyramid on Pyramid: the South Steps Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
1. Pyramid on Pyramid: the South Steps Marker
Inscription.  
Pirámide sobre pirámide: la escalinata sur
Aquí se puede observar parte del primer templo a Xiuhtecuti-Huehueteotl que se erigió alrededor del año 450. Después, se construyó otro encima que es donde estás parado. Esta pirámide es una representación del cerro sagrado, el centro del universo, el lugar dónde comienza el tiempo, o la montaña mítica dónde está la entrada al lugar de los muertos y al lugar de los dioses del cielo. El grupo Xajay la santificó como una montaña de fuego, que marca el lugar más importante del Pahñu y, a su vez, el lugar más próximo al mundo superior.

Los arqueólogos encontraron espinas de maguey, navajillas de obsidiana (vidrio natural de origen volcánico), puntas de flecha y lanza; objetos usados para extraer la sangre y ofrecerla a los dioses solares y del fuego durante el autosacrificio. Además, hallaron huesos de niños y adultos que fueron sacrificados.

En Pahñu, la gente ofrecía a los dioses lo más valioso que tenía: su propia sangre y la vida de loś prisioneros.

Pie de dibujos: Diversos hallazgos encontrados la escalinata sur

English:
Pyramid
Pyramid on Pyramid: the South Steps Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
2. Pyramid on Pyramid: the South Steps Marker
This view of the marker is towards the east, with a portion of the earlier pyramid mentioned in the marker text visible at the Pyramid of the Sun.
on pyramid: the south steps

Here you can see part of the temple of Xiuhtecutli-Huehueteotl built around the year 450. Later, another one was built on top, which is where you are standing. This pyramid is a representation of the sacred mountain, the center of the universe, the place where time began, or the mythical mountain where the entrance is located to the place of the dead and the place of the gods of heaven. The Xajay group sanctified it as a fire mountain, which marks the most important place in Pahñu and is also the closest to the higher world.

The archeologists found maguey thorns, obsidian blades (natural volcanic glass) and arrow tips and spears. These objects were used to extract blood and offer it to the sun and fire gods during self-sacrifices. They also found bones from children and adults who were sacrificed.

In Pahñu, the people would offer to the gods what was most valuable to them: their own blood and the lives of the prisoners.

Caption (English translation): Different objects found near the southern staircase
 
Erected by Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (CONACULTA) y el Instituto Nacional de Anthropología e Historia (INAH).
 
Location. 20° 30.338′ N, 99° 41.084′ W. Marker is in La Mesilla
Pyramid on Pyramid: the South Steps Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
3. Pyramid on Pyramid: the South Steps Marker
The marker can be seen at the top of the steps of the Pyramid of the Sun at Pahñu.
, Hidalgo, in Municipality of Tecozautla. Marker can be reached from Entrada del Sitio Arqueológico de Pahñu, in the median. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: La Mesilla, Hidalgo 42460, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Sacred Landscape (a few steps from this marker); Tecpan: “The Government House” (a few steps from this marker); The Path of the Sun (within shouting distance of this marker); Tecpan: The Place of Duality (within shouting distance of this marker); The Plaza and the Xiuhtecuhtli Temple (within shouting distance of this marker); The Calendar on the Landscape (within shouting distance of this marker); Circular Altar or Wheel of Sacrifice (Temalácatl) (within shouting distance of this marker); A Sacred Triangle and the Temple of the Sun (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in La Mesilla.
 
Categories. AnthropologyChurches & ReligionMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
A detailed view of the portion of the earlier pyramid, mentioned in the marker text image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
4. A detailed view of the portion of the earlier pyramid, mentioned in the marker text
A view from higher on the pyramid at an excavated area, probably the top of the earlier pyramid image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 9, 2018
5. A view from higher on the pyramid at an excavated area, probably the top of the earlier pyramid
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 25, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 24, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 50 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 24, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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