Greenfield in Highland County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
West Settlement and Abolition Lane
Augustus West, an African American, was born in Madison County, Virginia on March 20, 1814, and moved to Ohio in 1837. Legend has it that West was a runaway slave and worked as a farm laborer before designing a scheme to purchase his own farm. West, with abolitionist Alexander Beatty, traveled into slave territory no fewer than three times where the pair would sell West, help him escape, and split the profits. After splitting the profits, West used his portion of the money to purchase 177 acres of land in Fayette County where he built his "mansion." To remain inconspicuous and secure, West built the "mansion" as far from the main road as possible.
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Access to the "mansion" came by way of a road, later known as "Abolition Lane." Homes owned by other abolitionists, both black and white, were located along the lane and these residents were active on the Underground Railroad. To help integrate the newly emancipated slaves into society following the Civil War, Augustus West provided a place for them to live. A series of cabins was built on his farm near the "mansion," forming the first free standing African American community in Fayette County. Further down the road, local residents built a schoolhouse on a hilltop. As of 2003, "Abolition Lane" was little more
Erected 2003 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The P & G Fund, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 3-24.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
Location. 39° 21.496′ N, 83° 23.085′ W. Marker is in Greenfield, Ohio, in Highland County. Touch for map. Marker is in Greenfield Cemetery, about 50 feet NW of the Civil War memorial column. Marker is at or near this postal address: 750 N. Washington Street (Ohio Routes 41/753), Greenfield OH 45123, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. B&O and DT&I Railroad Depots (approx. 0.4 miles away); Corner Pharmacy (approx. half a mile away); Greenfield, Ohio, Timeline (approx. half a mile away); World War I Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Smith Tannery (approx. half a mile away); War Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Travellers Rest Inn (approx. half a mile away); Edward Lee McClain High School (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Greenfield.
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Antebellum South, US • Man-Made Features • Notable Events • Notable Persons • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 15, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,301 times since then and 57 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 15, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.