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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Third Battle of Winchester

Union Victories in the Valley

 
 
The Third Battle of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
1. The Third Battle of Winchester Marker
Inscription. After the successful attack of the Union Eighth Corps, it was only a matter of time before the Confederates lost the battle. As Confederate Gen. Early consolidated his lines closer and closer to Winchester, his men faced coordinated infantry attacks. Worse still, powerful Union cavalry forces fought their way along the Valley Pike, threatening to surround Early's forces. Although the Southerners offered stubborn resistance at Fort Collier, Star Fort, and from every fenceline and barricade they could find, Early had to choose between retreat and the destruction or capture of his army. By nightfall, the city of Winchester was in Union hands.

The Third Battle of Winchester was the bloodiest battle ever fought in the Shenandoah Valley, producing more casualties than the entire 1862 Valley Campaign. Union Gen. Sheridan lost 12 percent of his army with 5,000 of 39,000 soldiers killed, wounded and missing. Early suffered fewer casualties - 3,500 men - but he lost 25 percent of his army.

After the battle Early's men retreated twenty miles south to Fisher's Hill. On September 22, they were outflanked from their position and forced to retreat again. A Confederate cavalry force was beaten at Tom's Brook, but Early nearly defeated the Army of the Shenandoah at Cedar Creek on October 19. Sheridan organized
Help Preserve 3rd Winchester image. Click for more information.
2. Help Preserve 3rd Winchester
Details of CWPT efforts to save this battlefield.
Click for more information.
a powerful counterattack, however, and almost completely destroyed the Army of the Valley. Never again would the Confederates control or even conduct substantial operations in the Shenandoah. Thereafter, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant shifted his focus to forcing Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee out of Richmond. He accomplished this seven months later, effectively ending the war.
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
 
Location. 39° 11.942′ N, 78° 7.611′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Redbud Road (County Route 661), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located at the Union Victories Wayside, along the Battle Trail, inside the CWPT Third Winchester Battlefield site. The closest access site is a trail head on the west side of the Frederick County School complex parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester ( about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester ( about 400 feet away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester
Map of the Closing Stages of the Battle image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
3. Map of the Closing Stages of the Battle
( about 500 feet away); The Third Battle of Winchester ( approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester ( approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester ( approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester ( approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester ( approx. mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left of the marker is a drawing showing "The dead were buried where they fell. Many were later moved to the nearby Winchester National Cemetery or the Stonewall Cemetery. Some 8,000 Union and Confederate soldiers from the many battles around Winchester rest in these cemeteries today."

A map, in the center of the marker, of the Lower Shenandoah Valley indicates the battles mentioned in the text. On the right a map details the final states of the Third Battle of Winchester.
 
Also see . . .
1. Summary of the Battle of Third Winchester.
The Union Victories Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
4. The Union Victories Wayside
The action described on the marker is covered under phases 9 and 10 of this National Parks Service summary. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. CWPT Walking Tour of The Third Battle of Winchester. This marker is one along the walking trail around a portion of the Third Winchester Battlefield, preserved by the Civil War Preservation Trust. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,743 times since then and 48 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on March 13, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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