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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Red Brick Courthouse

29 Courthouse Square

 

—Rockville’s African American Heritage Walking Tour —

 
Red Brick Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, June 14, 2011
1. Red Brick Courthouse Marker
Inscription.
After the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln and Congress created the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands to aid newly freed African Americans. By the time it closed in 1872, the Bureau had provided assistance to four million former slaves making the transition from slavery to freedom, including those in Rockville.

The county courthouse was the site of an 1866 case brought to the court by Rockville’s Freedman’s Bureau to recover money stolen from Rockville’s African American community. In 1858 African American freedmen and slaves raised money through subscriptions to construct a church.

The money was entrusted to J. Mortimer Kilgour, who joined the Confederate Army in 1861 and never returned to Rockville. The Freedmen’s Bureau assisted Daniel Brogdon and Solomon Williams in accusing Kilgour of theft. The Bureau tracked down Mr. Kilgour and returned the money to the Rockville Colored School Board in 1867.
 
Erected by City of Rockville Historic District Commission, Dept. of Community Planning and Development Services. (Marker Number 1.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland, Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour marker series.
 
Location. 39° 5.038′ 
Red Brick Courthouse Marker - panel on left at the sidewalk, image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, June 14, 2011
2. Red Brick Courthouse Marker - panel on left at the sidewalk,
N, 77° 9.1′ W. Marker is in Rockville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Courthouse Square (West Montgomery Ave.) west of Maryland Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Rockville MD 20850, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gibbs v. Broome, et al/1931 Courthouse (here, next to this marker); Rockville (here, next to this marker); Montgomery County Court House (a few steps from this marker); 1891 Red Brick Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Gettysburg Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Court House Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men (within shouting distance of this marker); The Confederate Monument (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rockville.
 
Also see . . .  Rockville’s African American Heritage Walking Tour - Site 1. (Submitted on June 16, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
 
Additional keywords. Reconstruction
 
Categories. African AmericansNotable EventsNotable Places
 
Red Brick Courthouse Marker: close-up of the Red Brick Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Montgomerycountymd.gov
3. Red Brick Courthouse Marker: close-up of the Red Brick Courthouse
- located around the corner (southwest of the marker), it was actually constructed in 1891, several years after "Reconstruction" and the demise of the Freedmen's Bureau.
Red Brick Courthouse Marker: close-up of a receipt reproduced on marker image. Click for full size.
4. Red Brick Courthouse Marker: close-up of a receipt reproduced on marker
for $18.00 - accepted on behalf of "the Colored People of Rockville" – for the funds collected from J. Mortimor Kilgour by Lieut. R. J. Rutherford[?], U.S. Army, Bureau of R.F. & A.L.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 16, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 466 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 16, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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