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Texas City in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City

 
 
Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, March 13, 2008
1. Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City Marker
Inscription. In the 1870s native Tejanos organized Sociedades Mutualistas, mutual aid societies designed to protect their interests from the growing Anglo population of Texas. Although most of the early settlers of this area were of English, French, and German descent, increasing numbers of Mexican immigrants arrived in 1893 when construction began on the city's port facilities. In 1910 the Texas City census revealed a significant Hispanic populace.

In March 1914, under the auspices of Texas City's Mexican consulate, the community established Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana (Mexican Mutual Aid Society), a descendant of the Sociedades Mutualistas. Members were offered such services as legal aid, refuge from discrimination and economic deprivation, social and cultural activities, financial loans, libraries, sickness and burial insurance, and adult education. The society's motto was "Union, Paz, y Trabajo" (Union, Peace, and Work).

While cities such as San Antonio and Corpus Christi had several societies, the memberships of which were mostly male with a few female auxiliaries, Texas City had only one. Most sociedades in Texas lasted until the Depression era. Descendants of the Sociedad in Texas City include the Comision Honorifica Mexicana (Honorable Mexican Commission) of the 1920s and 1930s
Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, March 13, 2008
2. Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City Marker
and the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), still strong in 1998. While LULAC is a civil rights-based organization, the Sociedad was primarily a labor rights group. The Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana was a significant element of Texas City's labor and industrial history.
 
Erected 1998 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 11890.)
 
Location. 29° 23.311′ N, 94° 54.146′ W. Marker is in Texas City, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker is at the intersection of 6th Street North (State Highway 197) and 4th Avenue North, on the right when traveling north on 6th Street North. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Texas City TX 77590, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Booker T. Washington School (approx. half a mile away); Anchor from Freighter Grand Camp (approx. 0.6 miles away); Texas City Dike (approx. 0.6 miles away); First Aero Squadron (approx. 0.6 miles away); First Baptist Church of Texas City (approx. 0.9 miles away); William Jefferson Jones (approx. 0.9 miles away); Shoal Point and Half Moon Shoal Lighthouse (approx. 0.9 miles away); Site of Austinia (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Texas City.
 
Also see . . .
Across the Street from Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, March 13, 2008
3. Across the Street from Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City
This anchor is in front of the Texas City Museum, directly across the street from the marker.
 Discussion of Mutualistas in Wikipedia. (Submitted on December 6, 2011, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
 
Categories. Civil RightsFraternal or Sororal OrganizationsHispanic AmericansLabor Unions
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 4, 2011, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 565 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 4, 2011, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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