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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Of Fords, Felles, and Falls

 
 
Of Fords, Felles, and Falls Marker image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 18, 2008
1. Of Fords, Felles, and Falls Marker
Inscription. The Susquehannock and Algonquian Indians had long traveled through this area when Captain John Smith explored and mapped the Chesapeake Bay region in 1608 As the Susquehannocks went from Pennsylvania to the bay, they crossed the Gwynns Falls stream at two fords one near the stone pillars of the former Brunswick Street Bridge - visible from the trail - and the other near Washington Boulevard. Smith noted that the streams often tumbled over "felles" or "fells," later called falls. This stream (or falls) was named for Maryland settler Richard Gwinn, who in 1669 established a post, probably at Gwynns Run, to trade with the Indians. Gwinn made plans for a "New Town" and built a stone fort - one of the first in an ongoing series of human imprints on the landscape.

... a highway of the ... Indians passed through the western part, at least, of what is now Baltimore City, and crossed Gwinns Falls near the mouth of that stream.

[map]
This 1670 map of Chesapeake Bay shows the mouth of the Patapsco River, the Middle Branch of which is the outlet of Gwynns Falls.

[illustation]
The Baltimore area lay between lands to the north occupied by the Iroquois-speaking Susquehannocks (below) and costal lands in Maryland and Virginia occupied by Algonquian-speaking Indians.
 
Erected by
Marker location image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 18, 2008
2. Marker location
Gwynns Falls Trail Council.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland, Gwynns Falls Trail marker series.
 
Location. 39° 16.375′ N, 76° 39.157′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Washington Boulevard. Touch for map. Marker is about 1000-1500 feet northwest of the trailhead parking lot, in the Carroll Park Golf Course. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21230, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Restoring Water Quality (approx. 0.2 miles away); Carrollton Viaduct (approx. mile away); Carroll Park at the Golf Course (approx. mile away); World War II Memorial (approx. 0.6 miles away); Carroll Park (approx. 0.6 miles away); Early Industries (approx. 0.6 miles away); Gwynns Falls Park at Wilkens Avenue (approx. 0.6 miles away); Camp Carroll (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baltimore.
 
Categories. Exploration
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 19, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,392 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 19, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.
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