“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Denver in Denver County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)

Sand Creek Massacre

unnamed - but about the Sand Creek Massacre Marker image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Light, December 23, 2007
1. unnamed - but about the Sand Creek Massacre Marker
Inscription. The controversy surrounding this Civil War Monument has become a symbol of Coloradens' struggle to understand and take responsibility for our past. On November 29, 1864, Colorado's First and Third Cavalry, commanded by Colonel John Chivington, attacked Chief Black Kettle's peaceful camp of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians on the banks of Sand Creek, about 180 miles southeast of here. In the surprise attack, soldiers killed more than 150 of the village's 500 inhabitants. Most of the victims were elderly men, women, and children.

Though some civilians and military personnel immediately denounced the attack as a massacre, others claimed the village was a legitimate target. This Civil War Monument, paid for by funds from the Pioneers' Association and the State, was erected on July 24, 1909, to honor all Colorado soldiers who had fought in battles of the Civil War in Colorado and elsewhere. By designating Sand Creek a battle, the monument's designers mischaracterized the actual events. Protests led by some Sand Creek descendants and others throughout the twentieth century have since led to the widespread recognition of the tragedy as the Sand Creek Massacre.
Erected 2002 by authorized by Senate Joint Resolution 99-017. (Marker Number 280.)
Marker series.
Civil War Monument image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Light, December 23, 2007
2. Civil War Monument
The sand creek marker is just visible on the reddish brick wall (very low). It is the dark surface right of center.
This marker is included in the History Colorado marker series.
Location. 39° 44.354′ N, 104° 59.138′ W. Marker is in Denver, Colorado, in Denver County. Marker is on Colfax Avenue. Touch for map. Located on the west steps of the Capitol. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 East Colfax Avenue, Denver CO 80203, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Colorado Soldier's Monument (here, next to this marker); Colorado State Veterans Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Loganís Memorial Day Order (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Irving Hale (about 300 feet away); Alfred Dach (about 300 feet away); Joe P. Martinez (about 400 feet away); Colorado State Capitol Time Capsule (about 400 feet away); Armenian Genocide (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Denver.
Also see . . .  Sand Creek Massacre Historic Site. National Park Service site. (Submitted on February 22, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 22, 2008, by Christopher Light of Valparaiso, Indiana. This page has been viewed 4,529 times since then. Last updated on March 30, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on February 22, 2008, by Christopher Light of Valparaiso, Indiana. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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