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Oxon Hill in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Dr. John H. Bayne: A Leader In His Community

 
 
Dr. John H. Bayne: A Leader In His Community Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, June 24, 2014
1. Dr. John H. Bayne: A Leader In His Community Marker
Inscription.
In addition to his very successful horticulture activities, Dr. Bayne provided leadership in other areas.

A Politician Who Evolved
In 1841, Dr. Bayne entered Maryland politics and was elected to the House of Delegates as a member of the Whig Party. His partyís position on important matters such as the ongoing economic problems and slavery helped preserve the status quo rather than to help solve the problems. By 1861, Bayne, now a member of the Unionist Party, was elected to the State Senate where he voted against secession, but for a number of resolutions seeking Federal payments to slave owners whose slaves would have been set free.

A Doctor for the County and the Union
Throughout the pre-Civil War period, Dr. Bayne, an 1825 graduate of the Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore, maintained a medical practice here at Salubria. He also had at least one scholarly paper published in the American Journal of Medical Science. During the Civil War, Secretary of War Stanton appointed Dr. Bayne to a U.S. Army voluntary staff position as a surgeon and an officer, with duties in nearby Fort Washington and Fort Foote.

Supporter of Better Public Education
As a member of the Maryland House of Delegates and Senate, Dr. Bayne often supported legislation to improve public
Dr. John H. Bayne: A Leader In His Community Marker in the Salubria Memorial Garden image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, June 24, 2014
2. Dr. John H. Bayne: A Leader In His Community Marker in the Salubria Memorial Garden
education. In July 1865, he was appointed President of the Prince Georgeís County Board of School Commissioners. Two years later, he toured all of the primary schools (both black and white) in the county, looking for areas in need of improvement. He resigned the Presidency in November 1868, citing ill health.

When he was president of the countyís Agricultural Society, Bayne stressed the need for farmers to be educated in areas such as soils, fertilizers, weather, pollination techniques and grafting. To assist in this, he contributed related articles to trade journals. Bayne was also instrumental in the founding of the Maryland Agricultural College which has expanded to become the University of Maryland at College Park.

A Churchman at St. Johnís Episcopal Church at Broad Creek
Throughout his adult life, Dr. Bayne was an active member of St. Johnís Episcopal Church at Broad Creek. He was sent to Baltimore in 1860 to represent it at the Episcopal Convention. Earlier, in July 1854, Bayne transferred ownership of almost 20 acres of his land to the Rector of St. Johnís, the Reverend John Martin.

Illustration captions:
left, middle: A front view of the State House at Annapolis, the capitol of Maryland. (Engraving in Columbian Magazine, February, 1789. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.)

right lower middle: St. Johnís Episcopal Church at Broad Creek. Courtesy of artist Sally Parker

upper right: Portrait of Dr. John H. Bayne. Courtesy of the Bayne Family.
 
Erected 2014 by Tanger Outlets: Experience Salubria.
 
Location. 38° 47.571′ N, 77° 0.205′ W. Marker is in Oxon Hill, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker can be reached from Oxon Hill Road (Maryland Route 414) 0.3 miles south of Harborview Avenue, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in the Salubria Memorial Garden off the Tanger Outlet Mall's southwestern parking lot. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6800 Oxon Hill Road, Oxon Hill MD 20745, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Slavery in the Potomac Valley (a few steps from this marker); Emancipation in Maryland (a few steps from this marker); Dr. John H. Bayne of Salubria “Prince of Horticulture” (a few steps from this marker); Salubria Changed the Future of the Potomac Valley (a few steps from this marker); Judah and Resistance (a few steps from this marker); Front Door to Maryland History (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); John Hanson (about 700 feet away); "Salubria" (approx. ľ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oxon Hill.
 
Also see . . .  Dr. John H. Bayne of "Salubria", Prince George's County, MD. (Submitted on July 18, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
 
Categories. African AmericansAgricultureScience & MedicineWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 12, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 285 times since then and 20 times this year. Last updated on July 16, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 12, 2014, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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