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Preston, Idaho Historical Markers

 
A Battle Becomes a Massacre Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 21, 2017
A Battle Becomes a Massacre Marker
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 6 — A Battle Becomes a Massacre — Massacre at Bear River — The Largest Indian Massacre in the West
The four-hour fight left the Shoshone band decimated and terrified. Lodges, food caches and belongings were burned and women and children murdered. Chief Bear Hunter was cruelly tortured to death. When the killing ceased, the massacre field was . . . — Map (db m105803) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 5 — Attack at Bia Ogoi — Massacre at Bear River — The Largest Indian Massacre in the West
Before dawn on the bitterly cold day of January 26, Shoshone leader Sagwich rose early to survey the area. As he looked toward the bluffs to the south he observed what seemed to be a mist of fog crawling down the bluffs across the river from the . . . — Map (db m105802) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 216 — Bear River Massacre
Very few Northwestern Shoshoni survived a battle here that turned into a massacre by Col. P.E. Connor’s California Volunteers.

In 1863, Conner and his force set out from Salt Lake City on a cold January campaign in response to friction between . . . — Map (db m44461) HM

Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 186 — Bear River Massacre Monument — Pioneer Women
Attacks by the Indians on the peaceful inhabitants in this vicinity led to the final battle here January 29, 1863. The conflict occurred in deep snow and bitter cold. Scores of wounded and frozen soldiers were taken from the battlefield to the . . . — Map (db m105785) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — BB ID-4 — Bidwell/Bartleson Trail - Small Brook
First Overland Emigrant Party "Left the river on account of the hills which obstructed our way on it, ... Road uncommonly broken, did not reach the river, distance about 4 miles" -- John Bidwell, Saturday, August 14, 1841 "We traveled about . . . — Map (db m105832) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 4 — California Volunteers March to the Bear River — Massacre at Bear River — A Clash of Cultures
The tensions between the Shoshone and the settlers eventually led to a call from Utah territorial leaders of help from the Army, but the Civil War was on and military resources were stretched thin. In 1861 the third California Volunteer Infantry has . . . — Map (db m105801) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 3 — Change and Conflict — Massacre at Bear River — A Clash of Cultures
End of a Way of Life The delicate balance in which the Shoshone managed food resources for thousands of years was drastically altered by colonization. By the mid-1800s, the Oregon and California Trails brought thousands of pioneers and . . . — Map (db m105799) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 432 — Old Delta Sediments
Diverted into this valley by lava flows, the Bear River deposited a huge, mostly red clay delta here where it entered a vast inland sea that covered much of Utah. About 14,500 years ago , its shoreline suddenly went down about 80 feet . . . — Map (db m105834) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — Oneida Stake Academy
The Oneida Stake Academy was constructed with hand-hewn rock by Mormon pioneers between 1890 and 1895. Its purpose was to provide an inspirational setting for their youth to obtain a first-class education, despite frontier challenges. Of 35 . . . — Map (db m105699) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 236 — Pioneer Ferry and Bridge
Concrete shaft located one-half mile west on Bear River marks the site of the Nathan Williams Packer Toll Ferry and Bridge, one of the first on the river. The ferry operated with rope and carried equivalent of one team and wagon. In 1869 a bridge . . . — Map (db m48977) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — Preston's First Schoolhouse
This marks the site of Preston's first schoolhouse built in 1879 — Map (db m105707) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 2 — Shoshone Bear River Winter Home — Massacre at Bear River — Mo-so-da Kahni, "Home of the Lungs"
Bia Ogoi - Big River The Bear River -- called Bia Ogoi or Big River by the Shoshone people -- runs west and south through this semiarid valley, eventually emptying into the Great Salt Lake. The river and its many tributaries create . . . — Map (db m105797) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 16 — The Battle of Bear River
The Battle of Bear River was fought in this vicinity January 29, 1863 Col. P.E. Connor, leading 300 California volunteers from Camp Douglas, Utah against Bannock and Shoshoni Indian guilty of hostile attacks on emigrants and settlers engaged about . . . — Map (db m105787) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 7 — The Earth Will Remember — Massacre at Bear River — Remember, But Never Forget
We cry for the loss and sacrifice of those who did not survive and we honor the strength of those who lived. After the massacre, the survivors, now under Chief Sagwitch, were aided by other bands as they escaped southward. Most of the . . . — Map (db m105805) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 1 — The Shoshone — Massacre at Bear River — Moving With The Seasons
Newe, The People The Shoshone refer to themselves as Newe, the People. Their ancestral territory reached from the Wind River Range in western Wyoming to the middle of Nevada, and from the Salmon River in northeastern Idaho to central . . . — Map (db m105795) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Preston — 257 — Utah & Northern Railway
One mile south and directly west of this highway, an old 1878 railway grade is still visible, although trains have not used it since 1890. Jay Gould -- a nationally prominent financier and Union Pacific owner -- extended Utah and Northern . . . — Map (db m105708) HM

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