Sanford in Seminole County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
Sanford's First Residents
By the 1700s, the Timucuans began to disappear as they succumbed to war and disease brought by the English, French, and Spanish colonists as well as being assimilated into European culture and religion. In 1763, the last Timucuans were taken to Cuba by the Spanish.
Evidence of the Timucuan way of life can be found in middens: mounds of bones, shells, tools. These mounds can be found throughout Florida as protected archeological resources.
The Seminole people moved into Florida, including this area, from Georgia and Alabama in the 1700s as the Timucuans disappeared. The word Seminole comes from the Spanish term cimarrones meaning "free people."
Many Seminoles left the area in the early 1800s after the U.S. government passed the Indian Removal Act in order to open land for non-native settlers. The passage of that act led to clashes between the Seminole people, who did not want to leave their land, and the U.S. Army. It was during these conflicts, known as the Seminole Wars, that Osceola emerged as one of the best-known Seminole leaders. After the wars, some of the Seminole people took refuge in the Everglades, where their descendants still
Seminole County is named for the "Free People."
[ Illustrations ]
• A sketch of a Timucuan Indian village.
• Timucuan Indian leaders leading their troops into battle.
• A sketch of a traditional Seminole Indian village.
• Chief Osceola, a Seminole leader who defeated U.S. troops in several early battles of the Second Seminole War.
Images courtesy of Sanford Museum
Erected by the City of Sanford.
Location. 28° 48.768′ N, 81° 15.656′ W. Marker is in Sanford, Florida, in Seminole County. Marker is on East Seminole Boulevard west of San Juan Avenue, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. The marker is located across from Fort Mellon Park along the Sanford RiverWalk, overlooking Lake Monroe. Marker is in this post office area: Sanford FL 32771, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Henry Shelton Sanford (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Mellon Park (about 800 feet away); Hotel Forrest Lake (approx. 0.2 miles away); Citrus to Celery (approx. ¼ mile away); The Bishop Block Georgetown and Goldsboro (approx. 0.3 miles away); The E. E. Brady Livery Stable (approx. 0.3 miles away); Steamboats (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sanford.
More about this marker. The marker is capped with the logo of the City of Sanford.
Regarding Sanford's First Residents. At the close of the Seminole Wars, most of Florida's Seminoles were relocated to Oklahoma. Today's Seminole Nation of Oklahoma remains many times larger than the tribe in Florida.
Categories. • Anthropology • Colonial Era • Native Americans • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 15, 2012, by Glenn Sheffield of Tampa, Florida. This page has been viewed 545 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on May 15, 2012, by Glenn Sheffield of Tampa, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.