Near Pioneer in West Carroll Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South Central)
Poverty Point Artifacts
— Poverty Point World Heritage Site —
The artifacts found at Poverty Point and related sites are incredibly diverse and sophisticated. The majority of objects are of stone or fired earth (ceramic). This is because the acidic soils at the site do not preserve bone or wood, so very few of these artifacts remain. Through the trade network, the people of Poverty Point were able to acquire enough stone to produce a stunning array of utilitarian and decorative items. Our artifact collections include Late Archaic spear points, atlatl weights and gorgets, beads and pendants, Poverty Point Objects, plummets, and more. Below are just a few of the artifact types found here.
These look like arrowheads, but they are spear points. Many were repurposed as knives, scrapers, and drills.
Atlatl weights (part of a spear-throwing system) and gorgets (wearable ornaments) are found in a variety of shapes, sizes, and stone types.
Most beads are made of chert, but rare copper, steatite, and galena beads have been found at Poverty Point.
Red jasper "pot-bellied" owl pendants
These fired-earth cooking balls, called Poverty Point Objects (PPOs), come in several forms. Here are melon-grooved, biconical, cylindrical-grooved, and cross-grooved PPOs.
These teardrop-shaped artifacts are called plummets. Most are made of heavy iron-ore, such as hematite or magnetite. They may have been used as weights for fishing nets or looms.
Erected by the State of Louisiana.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Native Americans • Natural Features.
Location. 32° 38.152′ N, 91° 24.218′ W. Marker is near Pioneer, Louisiana, in West Carroll Parish. Marker can be reached from Louisiana Route 577, 1.2 miles north of Louisiana Route 134. Located near the Poverty Point Heritage Site Museum. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pioneer LA 71266, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Peopling of the Americas (here, next to this marker); After Poverty Point (here, next to this marker); The Natural and Cultural Environment (here, next to this marker); Before Poverty Point (here, Poverty Point World Heritage Site (here, next to this marker); This is Poverty Point (here, next to this marker); The Poverty Point Landscape (here, next to this marker); Poverty Point Earthworks (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pioneer.
Also see . . . Wikipedia article on Poverty Point. (Submitted on November 13, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on September 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 13, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 382 times since then and 82 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 13, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.