The National Mall in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
These diverse wetlands—and the ducks, squirrels, and dragonflies that make their home here—represent the original Chesapeake Bay environment, the largest estuary in North America. Chesapeake means "Great Shellfish Bay" in the Algonquian language.
Living on the Water
Before European settlement, the local environment looked very different. Because erosion was not so extensive, Chesapeake waterways were clearer and deeper, and dolphins frequently swam along the shores.
During the winter, Native communities harvested the roots of cattails and yellow marsh marigolds for food. Cypress trees—like the fallen one in the middle of the wetlands—were prized for making dugout canoes. Native peoples used reeds to weave mats and fish nets. They roasted oysters to provide food through the seasons.
Erected by Smithsonian Institution.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Environment • Native Americans.
Location. 38° Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 339 Maryland Avenue Southwest, Washington DC 20024, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wingapo (a few steps from this marker); Bald Cypress • Ártu (ar-too) (a few steps from this marker); Broadleaf Cattail • Káhkáhaskwar (kaw-kaw-has-quar) (a few steps from this marker); Swamp Milkweed • Wihsakán (wee-sah-quam) (a few steps from this marker); Can you find symbols for the sun, (a few steps from this marker); Cardinal Direction Marker: East (within shouting distance of this marker); What is a Grandfather Rock? (within shouting distance of this marker); George Rivera (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in The National Mall.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 13, 2019. It was originally submitted on November 14, 2017, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 123 times since then and 11 times this year. Last updated on February 10, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 13, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.