Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico — The Pacific Coast (and Central Highlands)
Miguel Hidalgo’s Edict Against Slavery
Generalísimo de America
1o Que los dueños de los esclavos deberan darles libertad dentro del termino de diez dias so-pena de muerte la que se les aplicara por trasgresion de este articulo.
2o Que cese para lo sucesivo la contribucion de tributos, respecto de las castas que lo pagaban y toda exaccion que a los indios se les exija.
3o Que en todos los negocios judiciales, documentos, escritos y actuaciones se haga uso del papel comun quedando abolido el del sellado.
“Que todo aquel que tenga
a 6 de diciembre de 1810
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Generalisimo de America
por mandato de S.A. Lic. Ignacio Rayon, Secretario
1o That the owners of slaves must give them liberty within the
2o That the payment of tributes due to caste cease now and into the future and also any tributes that the Indians are required to pay also stop.
3o That in all judicial business, documents, writings and actions, that common paper be used and the use of seals be abolished.
"That everyone who has instruction in the making of gunpowder, can now freely work with no other restrictions than that preference be given to the government in sales for the use of their armies, remaining equally free the making of all components of which it is comprised. So that this news arrives to all and has its due fulfillment, this command is published in this capital and in other cities, towns and conquered places, forwarding the competent number of copies to the courts, judges and other people corresponding to their intelligence and observance.
December 6, 1810
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the Most High General of America
by mandate of Ignacio Rayon, Secretary
Topics. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RR • Civil Rights • Colonial Era • Wars, Non-US. A significant historical date for this entry is December 6, 1810.
Location. 20° 40.639′ N, 103° 20.749′ W. Marker is in Guadalajara, Jalisco. Memorial can be reached from the intersection of Avenida Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and Calle Pino Suárez, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Guadalajara JAL 44100, Mexico. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Monument to Hidalgo (here, next to this marker); The Street of Royal Tobacco Shops (within shouting distance of this marker); Regional Museum of Guadalajara (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Justice Building (about 120 meters away); The Degollado Theater (about 120 meters away); The Convent of Saint Mary of Grace (about 120 meters away); House of Pedro Gómez Maraver (about 120 meters away); The Plaza of Saint Augustine (about 120 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Guadalajara.
Regarding Miguel Hidalgo’s Edict Against Slavery. Miguel Hidalgo did not live to see the end of slavery in Mexico. He was executed by the Spanish in 1811 and Mexico would not gain independence from Spain until 1823. The Mexican Constitution of 1824 prohibited slavery and in 1829 President Vicente Guerrero ordered the immediate abolition of slavery.
Also see . . . Wikipedia entry for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla. “Hidalgo established an alternative government in Guadalajara with himself at the head and then appointed two ministers. On 6 December 1810, Hidalgo issued a decree abolishing slavery, threatening those who did not comply with death. He abolished tribute payments that the Indians had to pay to their creole and peninsular lords.” (Submitted on November 24, 2018.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 4, 2018. It was originally submitted on May 7, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 452 times since then and 157 times this year. It was the Marker of the Week December 2, 2018. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 7, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 3. submitted on November 24, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.