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Tancama in Jalpan de Serra, Querétaro, Mexico — The Central Highlands (North America)
 

The Four Huastecans

 
 
The Four Huastecans Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, July 14, 2018
1. The Four Huastecans Marker
Inscription.  
Los cuatro huastecos
A esta plaza se le conoce como Mirador y es llamado así por la panorámica que se tiene desde este lugar. En ella destacan cuatro edificios de la sección. Y todos ellos presentan características que pueden encontrarse en otros sitios de filiación huasteca, como son Tamtoc, Tancol y Tamuín localizados en San Luis Potosí.

Los edificios de plantas circulares y absidales, el manejo de pequeñas lajas para la construcción de sus fachadas, así como el uso de la piedra bola o de río, son características arquitectónicas huastecas, lo que reitera la filiación étnica de los habitantes de Tancama.

Dentro de este conjunto destacan los edificios de planta absidal, en particular el edificio no. 2 también llamado de los Muertos, ya que en éste fueron encontrados los restos óseos de varios individuos. También, llama la atención el edificio no. 5, llamado de las Espinas de Mantarraya, ya que en él se localizó un entierro, de cuya ofrenda se recuperaron dos espinas de mantarraya, las cuales al proceder de un entorno marino y dada su escasez en la sierra pudieron tener un alto valor como objeto de lujo.
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Pie de dibujos:
Desde una perspectiva aérea, se puede apreciar mejor la forma de los edificios

Edificio de los muertos
Edificio de la culebra azul
Edificio del Patojo
Edificio de las espinas de mantarraya

English translation:
The Four Huastecans
This plaza is known as the Mirador (the Outlook) and is named for the panoramic view from this place. There are four buildings in the plaza. The buildings have characteristics that can be found in other sites of Huastecan affiliation, such as Tamtoc, Tancol and Tamuín, all found in San Luis Potosí.

The buildings are notable for their circular and semi-circular layouts, the use of small stone slabs for the construction of their facades, as well as the use of rounded river stones, all which are Huastecan architectural features, which reinforces the ethnic affiliation of the inhabitants of Tancama.

Within this plaza, the buildings with a semi-circular layout stand out, particularly Building No. 2, also called the Building of the Dead, since here were found the remains of several individuals. Another interesting building is No. 5, also called the Building of the Stingray Spines, since in the burial here an offering of two stingray spines were found, which, since they come from a far away marine environment and given their scarcity in the mountains
The Four Huastecans Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, July 14, 2018
2. The Four Huastecans Marker
The marker can be seen here at the base of Building No. 2, also known as the Building of the Dead.
could indicate that they had a high value.

Captions:
From an aerial perspective, the shape of the buildings can be appreciated.

Building of the Dead
Building of the Blue Snake
The Patojo Building
Building of the Stingray Spines
 
Erected by Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia y el Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyArchitectureMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans.
 
Location. 21° 9.609′ N, 99° 23.821′ W. Marker is in Tancama, Querétaro, in Jalpan de Serra. Marker can be reached from Jalpan de Serra - Xilitla Highway (Route 120), on the left when traveling east. The marker is at the base of the Building of the Dead at the Tancama Archaeological Site. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tancama QUE 76347, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Tancama (a few steps from this marker); The Small Ballcourt (within shouting distance of this marker); The Copper Butterfly Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Plaza Santiago (within shouting distance of this marker); Buildings for the Elite
The Four Huastecans Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, July 14, 2018
3. The Four Huastecans Marker
The marker can be seen to the far left together with the Building of the Dead, with the Building of the Blue Snake to the right.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Corporal Deformation (within shouting distance of this marker); The Building of the Attached Room (within shouting distance of this marker); Tribute to Benito Juárez (approx. 8.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tancama.
 
The Four Huastecans Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, July 14, 2018
4. The Four Huastecans Marker
The marker can be seen to the far left in this view of the Mirador Plaza.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 19, 2018. It was originally submitted on July 18, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Accra, Ghana. This page has been viewed 89 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 18, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Accra, Ghana.

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Apr. 18, 2024