St. Simons Island in Glynn County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Throughout the ages Gascoigne Bluff has been the gateway to St. Simons Island. An Indian village was located here. Capt. James Gascoigne of HM Sloop-of-war, HAWK, which convoyed the Frederica settlers on their voyage across the Atlantic in 1736, established headquarters for Georgia's naval forces and had his plantation here. In the invasion of 1742 the Spaniards landed at this bluff.
Live oak timbers for the building of USS CONSTITUTION, better known as "OLD IRONSIDES," and the other vessels of our first US Navy were cut on St. Simons and loaded here in 1794 for shipment North where the vessels were built.
During the Plantation Era these lands became the sea island cotton plantation of James Hamilton. A wharf here was the shipping center for the St. Simons Plantations.
1874-1902 this Bluff was lined with great mills, where cypress and long leaf yellow pine timbers were sawed into limber and shipped to all parts of the world.
The causeway built in 1924, connecting St. Simons with the mainland, has its terminus here.
In 1949 the Methodist Church acquired the upper part of the Bluff and established
Erected 1956 by Georgia Historical Commission. (Marker Number 063-12.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Georgia Historical Society series list.
Location. 31° 10.183′ N, 81° 24.458′ W. Marker is in St. Simons Island, Georgia, in Glynn County. Marker is at the intersection of Arthur J. Moore Drive and Hamilton Road, on the right when traveling north on Arthur J. Moore Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Simons Island GA 31522, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hamilton Plantation (a few steps from this marker); Cassina Garden Club Houses (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); A Man Named Wesley Passed This Way / Lovely Lane Chapel (approx. 0.2 miles away); Epworth By The Sea / Epworth Pioneers (approx. 0.2 miles away); A Mission By The Sea / Susannah Wesley (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lovely Lane Chapel (approx. 0.2 miles away); Epworth-By-The-Sea (approx. 0.2 miles away); Captain Gascoigne (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Simons Island.
Regarding Gascoigne Bluff.
In 1794 live oak timbers were cut on St. Simons, loaded from this bluff and sent to Boston to be used in the construction of the frigate Constitution, better known as "Old Ironsides"
Gascoigne's Bluff, named after Captain James Gascoigne who brought settlers to St. Simons Island, was the site of the Spanish invasion during the War of Jenkins' Ear in 1742.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 8, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,201 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 8, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.