Chickamauga in Walker County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
A "Magnificent" Respite from Carnage
Struggle came to Crawfish Spring in September 1863. On the 16th, Union Major General William S. Rosecrans, commander of the Army of the Cumberland, established his headquarters in the Gordon House. The summer had been extremely dry and the most reliable source of water in the area was Crawfish Spring. Colonial John P. Sanderson of Rosecrans' staff wrote in his diary, "the spring here is a magnificent one, affording an abundant supply, for man and beast of the entire army of cool, soft, delicious water." Thousands of canteens were filled from its
The house and several large tents were used, but many of the wounded lay outside. Every effort was made to place the men under shelter, and to provide them with cover, as the nights were cold. When this could not be done, the men were arranged in rows with lines of campfires built at their feet. As thousands of other Federal soldiers marched north pass Crawfish Spring toward the battle, the hospitals became exposed to attack. Many men were hastily evacuated late on the 20th, but by 5 pm Confederate Major Joseph Wheeler's Calvary captured the hospitals, with 20 wagons of medicines and camp equipage, plus over 1,000 wounded federal soldiers.
On September 20, 1889, thousands of veterans from both armies, including General Rosecrans and former Confederate Major General (and then Georgia Governor) John B. Gordon met at Crawfish Spring in a spirit of reconciliation and friendship. After barbecue and patriotic speeches the men visited with comrades, and got acquainted with former enemies. Together they walked over the battlefield, recalling the bloody
Erected by Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails. (Marker Number 4.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail, and the Georgia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 34° 52.235′ N, 85° 17.563′ W. Marker is in Chickamauga, Georgia, in Walker County. Marker can be reached from Cove Road (Georgia Route 341). The marker is located within a park behind a water tower. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chickamauga GA 30707, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. North and South Reunited (a few steps from this marker); Sickness at Camp Thomas (a few steps from this marker); The Town of Lytle (a few steps from this marker); Camp George H. Thomas (a few steps from this marker); 3rd Confederate Georgia Cavalry (within shouting distance of this marker); The Real Rock of Chickamauga (within shouting distance of this marker); Hospitals, Right Wing, Union Army. (within shouting distance of this marker); Field Headquarters Army of the Cumberland (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chickamauga.
More about this marker. Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail, Army of the Cumberland site #26
Categories. • Antebellum South, US • Native Americans • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for Crawfish Spring.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 23, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 15, 2008, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. This page has been viewed 1,757 times since then. Last updated on October 10, 2008, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. Photos: 1. submitted on September 15, 2008, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. 2. submitted on September 16, 2008, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on April 28, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on September 15, 2008, by David Tibbs of Resaca, Georgia. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.