“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Leesville in Vernon Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South Central)

Wolf Rock Cave

Wolf Rock Cave Marker image. Click for full size.
October 12, 2018
1. Wolf Rock Cave Marker
Rivers & streams flowing across broad coastal plains 24-30 million years ago (during the Oligocene period) deposited sediments making up the Catahoula Formation. The Catahoula formation, found in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, consists of sandstones, sand, clays, and conglomerates. In Louisiana, the Catahoula Formation forms a belt across the central part of the state revealing that beaches and deltas were located 125 miles farther inland than today's coastline. This area is part of the Catahoula Formation & erosive processes created Wolf Rock Cave.

Wolf Rock Cave is best described as two small rock overhangs overlooking Bundick's Creek. It is the only known rock shelter in Louisiana used by its early people. It was used during the Late Archaic time period, and dates to 2500-1000 BC. It was used primarily as a lithic procurement area, in which the Archaic people collected chert from the area to make tools. There is also some evidence from the archaeological record that this area was used as a small habitation, that is some Archaic people lived here for short periods of time.

Archaic Indians, lived in small nomadic groups

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which roamed within a small geographic area. They were hunter- gatherers. The Archaic Indians fabricated stone tools and ornaments. They also made bone needles, awls fishhooks, beads, and hairpins; and antler alati hooks, handles and spear points. Less common objects were tortoise shell rattles and shell ornaments. They made baskets to carry and store seeds, roots, fruits, and nuts. They cracked nut shells with specially shaped stones, and ground nuts and seeds into meal with grinding stones. The Archaic Indians also made axes and chopping tools for cutting down trees and hollowing out tree trunks.

All people leave traces of their activities wherever they cook, build houses, hold religious ceremonies, make tools, or dump their trash. If these traces are undisturbed, archaeologists can use them to determine who left them, when they were left, and what activities were associated with them. Wolf Rock Cave and all of Louisiana's archaeological sites deserve respect.
Erected by U.S. Forest Service.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative AmericansNatural FeaturesParks & Recreational Areas.
Location. 30° 58.331′ N, 93° 11.549′ W. Marker

Wolf Rock Cave Marker image. Click for full size.
October 12, 2018
2. Wolf Rock Cave Marker
is in Leesville, Louisiana, in Vernon Parish. Marker can be reached from Johnsonville Road, 1˝ miles south of Pitkin Highway (State Highway 10), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Leesville LA 71446, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wolf Rock Cave In Kisatchie National Forest (approx. 2.3 miles away); Louisiana Maneuvers Louisiana Goes to War, Twice (approx. 3.1 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. 3.3 miles away); Fullerton (approx. 4.2 miles away); The Seventh Armored Division (approx. 4.9 miles away); Camp Polk Heritage Families (approx. 5.4 miles away); Peason Ridge Heritage Families (approx. 5.4 miles away); Second Brigade Soldiers (approx. 5.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Leesville.
Wolf Rock Cave image. Click for full size.
October 12, 2018
3. Wolf Rock Cave
Credits. This page was last revised on November 9, 2018. It was originally submitted on November 9, 2018, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 2,272 times since then and 346 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 9, 2018.

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Sep. 25, 2023