Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Maymont, Gilded Age Estate
In 1886, the Dooleys purchased 100 acres of rolling countryside on the James River as the site for their new home. Architect Edgerton Rogers designed the thirty-three-room, sandstone mansion, completed in 1893. The opulent upstairs rooms are restored and filled with original furnishings and artwork acquired by the Dooleys. The restored downstairs service area is furnished with artifacts of the period.
Over time, the Dooleys developed the estate landscape, creating the Italian garden, Japanese garden, grotto, arboretum, and extensive parkland. Largely intact today, the original complex of picturesque outbuildings included the gatehouse, stone barn, carriage house, water tower, compost house, chicken coop, and stable, later used as the Dooleys’ garage. The Dooleys’ mausoleum was added in 1923.
An elaborate ensemble of architecture,
Maymont, Domestic Workplace
Maymont was not only a home and showplace; it was also a workplace. The Dooleys typically employed seven to ten individuals to maintain the order and beauty of their residence. Their household staff included two butlers, two cooks, a housemaid, lady's maid, chauffeur, coachman, and laundress. With few exceptions, these domestic employees were African American.
For southern blacks, the era was anything but gilded. While free from slavery, their work opportunities remained limited to agriculture, factory work, and domestic service. The period also brought increasingly strict racial segregation.
To learn more about the individuals who worked here, visit the restored kitchen, laundry, pantries. and other service areas.
Throughout Maymont’s landscape, the Dooleys established an arboretum including specimens trees and shrubs imported from around the world. Valentine Richmond History Center
Maymont’s Italian garden, designed by the architectural firm of Noland and Baskervill between 1907 and 1910. Valentine Richmond History Center
The Dooleys’ Japanese garden, completed about 1912, was likely the creation of Y. Muto, who designed similar estate gardens in New York and Philadelphia. Valentine Richmond History Center
Earliest extant image of Maymont House, probably drawn by the architect, Edgerton Rogers, 1893. Valentine Richmond History Center
Maymont, ca. 1930
The domestic staff of a prominent Richmond household, ca. 1905-190. Private collection
Erected by Maymont Foundation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Architecture • Horticulture & Forestry • Man-Made Features • Parks & Recreational Areas. A significant historical year for this entry is 1886.
Location. 37° 32.063′ N, 77° 28.685′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Hampton Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, on the right when traveling south on Hampton Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1700 Hampton Street, Richmond VA 23220, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. James & Sallie Dooley (here, next to this marker); Historic Estate (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Historic Estate (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); River & Canal (approx. 0.2 miles away); Byrd Park Pump House (approx. half a mile away); Richmond at the Falls (approx. half a mile away); Pumps and Parties (approx. half a mile away); Breaking Stones with Feathers (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
Also see . . . Maymont Foundation. (Submitted on May 11, 2019.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 30, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 11, 2019, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 98 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 11, 2019, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.