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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Augustine in St. Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Walk to Freedom

 
 
Walk to Freedom Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, April 26, 2019
1. Walk to Freedom Marker
Inscription.  In 1768, Scottish physician, Dr. Andrew Turnbull, received a large land grant 70 miles south of St. Augustine. Turnbull recruited 1,403 villagers from the Mediterranean and Baltic Islands of Minorca, Greece, Turkey and Corsica as indentured servants to plant indigo and other crops in the harsh Florida heat. This group would become collectively known as "Menorcans."

After nine years of abuse and mistreatment, during which 964 died, 17 Menorcans walked to St. Augustine seeking asylum. British Governor Patrick Tonyn, the Governor of St. Augustine, ordered that they be freed from Turnbull's enterprise. The remaining 600 Menorcans proceeded to walk 70 arduous miles from New Smyrna to St. Augustine, where they were welcomed and offered freedom from injustice.

Today Menorcans still call St. Augustine home.
 
Erected by Historic Tours of America.
 
Location. 29° 54.502′ N, 81° 19.152′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in St. Johns County. Marker can be reached from San Marco Avenue (Florida Highway A1A)
Marker detail: Dr Andrew Turnbull image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Dr Andrew Turnbull
(Business U.S. 1) south of Dufferin Street, on the right when traveling north. Marker is located along the "History Walk" at the north end of the St. Augustine History Museum parking lot. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 167 San Marco Avenue, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The 1870 Hildreth House (here, next to this marker); Arriving in Style (a few steps from this marker); Up in Smoke (within shouting distance of this marker); Viva Cuba! (within shouting distance of this marker); On With The Show (within shouting distance of this marker); Henry Flagler's "Winter Newport" (within shouting distance of this marker); Slaves No More (within shouting distance of this marker); Chain Gangs (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
Also see . . .
1. History of Minorcans in St. Augustine. The Minorcans recruited by Andrew Turnbull to work his indigo plantation in New Smyrna had nothing but toil and bitter privation ahead of them in the New World. In the spring of 1777 the Minorcans could bear it no longer, and made their historic long march to St. Augustine. Not all of them were able to leave, however. Many were down with malaria or suffering from other diseases. (Submitted on May 28, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. History of St. Augustine, Florida. The settlers rebelled
Marker detail: Indigo processing image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: Indigo processing
en masse in 1777; they walked 70 miles to St. Augustine, where Governor Tonyn gave them refuge. The Minorcans and their descendants stayed on in St. Augustine through the subsequent changes of flags, and marked the community with their language, culture, cuisine and customs. (Submitted on May 28, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. AgricultureCivil RightsColonial EraSettlements & Settlers
 
Marker detail: Governor Patrick Tonyn image. Click for full size.
4. Marker detail: Governor Patrick Tonyn
Walk to Freedom Marker<br>(<i>wide view  marker located a east end of "History Walk"</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, April 26, 2019
5. Walk to Freedom Marker
(wide view marker located a east end of "History Walk")
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on May 29, 2019. This page originally submitted on May 27, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 95 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 28, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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