Mechanicsburg in Champaign County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Congress passed Fugitive Slave Laws in 1793 and 1850, allowing federal marshals to arrest slaves that had escaped to the North and take them back to their southern owners. They could also arrest northerners suspected of aiding runaway slaves. These laws were contested throughout the North, including Ohio where one case received national press. It involved escaped slave Addison White who arrived in Mechanicsburg in August 1856. There he met abolitionist Udney Hyde and stayed at his farm while Hyde recovered from a leg injury. White's master Daniel White learned of his location and went to Mechanicsburg in April 1857 with federal marshals. When attempting to take Addison and arrest Hyde on grounds of violating the Fugitive Slave Law, Hyde's daughter ran to town and brought back residents with pitchforks and shovels to fight the marshals. Fearing for their lives, the marshals left, but came back to arrest the men who protected White.
Erected 2005 by Main Street Mechanicsburg, Champaign County Bicentennial Historical Marker Committee, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 16-11.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Civil Rights • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1857.
Location. 40° 4.324′ Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mechanicsburg OH 43044, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. W.W. I Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Second Baptist Church (within shouting distance of this marker); James Roy Hopkins (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mechanicsburg United Methodist Church (about 600 feet away); Mechanicsburg (approx. 0.4 miles away); Mechanicsburg Veterans Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Maple Grove Spanish American War Memorial (approx. 0.8 miles away); Maple Grove World War Memorial (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsburg.
Also see . . .
1. 54th Massachuestts. The Regiment's story was told through the movie Glory!. (Submitted on November 23, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Addison White - Ohio History Central. (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
Additional keywords. U.S. Colored Troops; USCT;
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 22, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 2,830 times since then and 205 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 22, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.