“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Mechanicsburg in Champaign County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Addison White

Addison White Marker (side A) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., November 14, 2008
1. Addison White Marker (side A)
Inscription.  Side A:
Congress passed Fugitive Slave Laws in 1793 and 1850, allowing federal marshals to arrest slaves that had escaped to the North and take them back to their southern owners. They could also arrest northerners suspected of aiding runaway slaves. These laws were contested throughout the North, including Ohio where one case received national press. It involved escaped slave Addison White who arrived in Mechanicsburg in August 1856. There he met abolitionist Udney Hyde and stayed at his farm while Hyde recovered from a leg injury. White's master Daniel White learned of his location and went to Mechanicsburg in April 1857 with federal marshals. When attempting to take Addison and arrest Hyde on grounds of violating the Fugitive Slave Law, Hyde's daughter ran to town and brought back residents with pitchforks and shovels to fight the marshals. Fearing for their lives, the marshals left, but came back to arrest the men who protected White.
(Continued on other side)

Side B:
(Continued from other side)
Arresting Charles Taylor, Edward Taylor, Russell Hyde, and Hiram Gutridge, the marshals,
Addison White Marker (side B) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., November 14, 2008
2. Addison White Marker (side B)
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saying they were taking the men into Urbana for a preliminary trial on charges of harboring and protecting a fugitive slave, instead headed south to Kentucky. Learning of the arrests, a large number of Champaign County citizens set off on horseback to free their neighbors. The Clark County sheriff joined in the pursuit, but was shot near South Charleston when trying to stop the marshals. The running battle ended in Lumberton near Xenia when the Greene County sheriff arrested the marshals. The case was finally settled when the people of Mechanicsburg paid $900 for Addison White's freedom. During the Civil War White joined the 54th Massachusetts Infantry and returned to Mechanicsburg after the war to work for the city's Street Department. He and his second wife Amanda are buried in the nearby Maple Grove Cemetery.
Erected 2005 by Main Street Mechanicsburg, Champaign County Bicentennial Historical Marker Committee, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 16-11.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansCivil RightsWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1857.
Location. 40° 4.324′ 
Addison White Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., November 14, 2008
3. Addison White Marker
Looking west toward Main Street.
N, 83° 33.34′ W. Marker is in Mechanicsburg, Ohio, in Champaign County. Marker is at the intersection of Sandusky Street (Ohio Route 4) and Main Street (Ohio Route 29), on the right when traveling east on Sandusky Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mechanicsburg OH 43044, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. W.W. I Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Second Baptist Church (within shouting distance of this marker); James Roy Hopkins (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mechanicsburg United Methodist Church (about 600 feet away); Mechanicsburg (approx. 0.4 miles away); Mechanicsburg Veterans Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Maple Grove Spanish American War Memorial (approx. 0.8 miles away); Maple Grove World War Memorial (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsburg.
Also see . . .
1. 54th Massachuestts. The Regiment's story was told through the movie Glory!. (Submitted on November 23, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.) 

2. Addison White - Ohio History Central. (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
Additional keywords. U.S. Colored Troops; USCT;
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 22, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 2,830 times since then and 205 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 22, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 3, 2022