Near Bickmore in Clay County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Solomon Osborne was born circa 1814 on a Cherokee reservation in North Carolina. Served as guard on the “Trail of Tears,” and fell in love with Seaberry (Martha Arms), daughter of Chief Running Bear (Robert Arms). They escaped and were married in Tazewell County, Virginia. Later moved to current Wyoming and Clay counties. He died circa 1884 and was the first interment in the Holcomb Cemetery.
Erected 2005 by Descendants of Seaberry & Solomon Osborne and West Virginia Division of Archives and History.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Native Americans • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Archives and History series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1814.
Location. 38° 21.628′ N, 81° 7.593′ W. Marker is near Bickmore, West Virginia, in Clay County. Marker is on West Virginia Route 16 just south of Jess Reedy Road, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Bickmore WV 25019, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 milesJones Brothers Memorial Bridge (approx. 5 miles away); Clay County / Nicholas County (approx. 6˝ miles away); Floyd T. Sargent (approx. 7.2 miles away); Clay County Korean Veterans Memorial (approx. 7.2 miles away); Clay County WWI & WWII Veterans Memorial (approx. 7.2 miles away); Clay County Viet Nam Veterans Memorial (approx. 7.3 miles away); Clay (approx. 7.3 miles away); Benjamin L. Stephenson (approx. 7.3 miles away).
Regarding Solomon Osborne.
In 1838, U.S. troops were pushing the Cherokees from their ancestral lands in the hills of western North Carolina. They were to be relocated to Oklahoma to make room for white settlers. By then, Solomon and Seaberry, were fleeing north, choosing the northern Cherokee hunting ground over the dusty West. (In all, about 1,000 Cherokees escaped the Trail of Tears. Today, their descendants are known as the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, which is headquartered in Cherokee, N.C.)
Solomon and Seaberry, who took the white name Martha Arms, first settled in Tazewell, Va., where their cabin still stands and is on the National Historic Register. But the constant fear of being found out by the government and its anti-Indian policies kept them on the move. They next settled in what is now Wyoming County WV, then Nicholas County WV, where Seaberry died in 1866.
Solomon and Seaberry (listed as Martha) appear in the 1860 Nicholas County VA (WV) census. Solomon is listed as a widower in the 1870 Nicholas County WV census.
Solomon married Susan Moore about 1870. Susan was born in VA about 1842. The family is listed in the 1880 Clay County WV census. Solomon died in Clay County in 1880.
All Solomon’s children were given English sounding names as the family continued to try to conceal its past. After all, Solomon could remember the days when anyone who was half Indian was not allowed to own property or vote.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Additional keywords. forced relocation
Credits. This page was last revised on January 24, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 17, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 448 times since then and 89 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 17, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 2. submitted on August 18, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.